Arquivo da tag: Mídia

Despite being ‘the biggest threat facing humanity’ climate change and its impacts fail to make headlines, says study (Science Daily)

Date:
April 6, 2016
Source:
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Summary:
Even as 60 million people around the world face severe hunger because of El Niño and millions more because of climate change, top European and American media outlets are neglecting to cover the issues as a top news item, says a new research report.

Even as 60 million people around the world face severe hunger because of El Niño and millions more because of climate change, top European and American media outlets are neglecting to cover the issues as a top news item, says a new research report funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) today.

“It’s incredible that in a year when we have had record temperatures, 32 major droughts, and historic crop losses that media are not positioning climate change on their front pages,” said IFAD President, Kanayo F. Nwanze. “Climate change is the biggest threat facing our world today and how the media shape the narrative remains vitally important in pre-empting future crises.”

The report, “The Untold Story: Climate change sinks below the headlines” provides an analysis of the depth of media reporting around climate change in two distinct periods: two months before the 21st session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, and two months after. Specifically, it explores whether issues connecting climate change, food security, agriculture and migration made headlines, and if so, how much prominence these stories were given.

Among some of its key findings: • Climate change stories were either completely absent or their numbers decreased in major media outlets in Europe and the United States before and after COP21. • Coverage on the consequences of climate change, such as migration, fell by half in the months after COP21 and people directly impacted by climate change rarely had a voice in stories or were not mentioned at all. • News consumers want climate change issues and solutions to be given more prominence in media outlets and, in particular, want more information on the connections between climate change, food insecurity, conflict and migration.

The release of the report comes just days before world leaders gather at the United Nations in New York to sign off on the Paris Agreement coming out of COP21. In December, the agreement made headlines and led news bulletins across the globe. But leading up to COP21 and in the months following it, coverage on climate change significantly fell off the radar of major media outlets across Europe and the United States.

“The research shows how the average news-consuming public want to hear constructive stories that highlight solutions to climate change, yet this is exactly what is missing from major news outlets,” said Sam Dubberley, a former journalist and Director of Kishnish Media Ltd, and the author of the report.

Building on initial research that was conducted on media in France and the United Kingdom in September 2015, the report is augmented by focus group surveys that look at what newsreaders understand about food and climate-related migration and their impression of media coverage provided. The report asks what expert voices were heard throughout the stories and whether farmers or migrants themselves had a voice.

The research findings are drawn from an analysis of the content of news stories across influential and popular media outlets: TF1 and France 2 in France, RAI and LA7 in Italy, BBC and Channel 4 in the United Kingdom and CBS and NBC in the United States, as well as the front pages of print editions of Le Monde and Libération in France, Corriere della Sera and La Repubblica in Italy, The Guardian and Daily Mail in the United Kingdom and the New York Times and USA Today in the United States.

In 2014, IFAD funded a research report that looked at how 19 large global and regional news organizations covered issues related to migration and, in particular, food security and agriculture and how it impacted on migration. It focused on two stories that made headlines over the summer of 2014 — the US/Mexico border crisis and the ongoing conflict in South Sudan, which created a large numbers of migrants. That report also found that the depth of coverage on the topics was lacking, and in particular that the voices of migrants were often left out of the stories.

Download the report: https://www.ifad.org/documents/10180/6173b0cf-3423-408c-aac6-e6da78f01239

Anúncios

Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral culpa motorista por chuva no Rock in Rio (Extra) + artigos relacionados

28/09/15 16:48 Atualizado em 28/09/15 18:13

Chuva caiu durante último dia do Rock in Rio 27/09/2015

Chuva caiu durante último dia do Rock in Rio 27/09/2015 Foto: Rafael Moraes / Extra

Igor Ricardo

Contratada pela organização do Rock in Rio para evitar chuvas durante o festival, a Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral falhou e emitiu um comunicado eximindo-se de culpa pelo temporal que caiu neste domingo, último dia do evento. Segundo a nota, o responsável foi o motorista encarregado de levar a médium Adelaide Scritori e sua equipe para a Cidade do Rock, na Zona Oeste do Rio, já que o profissional teria esquecido o adesivo de passe livre do carro.

“Quando já estávamos próximos da City do Rock (Cidade do Rock) o chofer (motorista) percebeu que havia esquecido de adesivar o auto (veículo), que com as barreiras não iria conseguir entrar e voltou para buscar o adesivo, atrasando nossa ida. Quando lá chegamos, a chuva já havia entrado”, afirmava o comunicado.

Durante o show do A-ha, chuva castigou público do festival 27/09/2015

Durante o show do A-ha, chuva castigou público do festival 27/09/2015 Foto: Marcelo Theobald / Extra

De acordo com Osmar Santos, porta-voz oficial da entidade, o atraso foi de cerca de 30 minutos, prejudicando a ação da fundação, conforme conversou com o EXTRA.

– Um atraso de 30 minutos, tempo que levou para voltarmos para pegar o adesivo do carro (no Hotel Windsor, na Barra da Tijuca), antecipou em quatro horas o que já estávamos prevendo. A chuva só iria cair por volta das 2h, ou seja, depois dos shows – explicou Osmar.

Entretanto, não é a primeira vez que a “burocracia terrena” atrapalha os alegados dons sobrenaturais da Fundação Cobra Coral. Em 2011, quando também foi contratada pelo Rock in Rio e choveu no segundo dia do evento, a desculpa foi exatamente a mesma: a falta do adesivo de livre acesso.

“Desde os boletins do dia 14 (setembro de 2011), já sabíamos que a previsão era de chuva para esses dias de shows. Mas, se conseguíssemos entrar (na Cidade do Rock), faríamos o isolamento do local e poderia ser fácil canalizar essa chuva para Minas, por exemplo, que está seco. Mas, infelizmente, não tínhamos o adesivo”, disse Osmar, em entrevista na época.

Poça d’água gigante se formou após chuva na Cidade do Rock 27/09/2015

Poça d’água gigante se formou após chuva na Cidade do Rock 27/09/2015 Foto: Marcelo Theobald / Extra

Área de instabilidade

Além do adesivo, o porta-voz da entidade justificou que a chuva deste domingo foi ocasionada por uma área de instabilidade que estava sobre a cidade, e não por uma frente fria. Osmar contou que a fundação impediu a ação dessa frente fria no Rio após uma viagem que fez para São Paulo e Minas Gerais na última sexta-feira. Segundo ele, a ação meteorológica foi minimizada.

– A frente fria não veio. O que causou a chuva durante o festival foi a combinação do calor com a umidade, provocando essa área de instabilidade. Considero que nosso trabalho foi 100%, mas, pela opinião pública, nós só seremos julgados pelas três horas de ontem (domingo) – disse.

Para a meteorologista do Climatempo Bianca Lobo, a chuva que caiu sobre todo o Rio de Janeiro no domingo foi reflexo da passagem de uma frente que veio de São Paulo na sexta-feira. O fenômeno meteorológico passou rapidamente pela cidade no sábado, mas deixou diversas áreas de instabilidade. O calor e a umidade também ajudam a explicar a precipitação do domingo, afirmou a especialista.

– Essa frente fria passou e deixou áreas de instabilidade pela cidade. O calor e a umidade, claro, que ajudaram também para as fortes pancadas – contou Bianca.

Até quarta-feira, a previsão continua sendo de chuva para o Rio de Janeiro, com temperaturas chegando aos 30 graus, segundo o Climatempo.

A assessoria de imprensa do Rock in Rio foi procurada para falar sobre a explicação dada pela Fundação Cobra Coral, mas, até o momento, não se pronunciou oficialmente. A ONG presta serviços para o festival desde o evento de 2001. Além das apresentações no Rio, a entidade colabora para evitar maiores incidentes naturais no festival que é realizado fora do Brasil, como Estados Unidos e Portugal.

Leia na íntegra o comunicado da Fundação Cobra Coral:

“Caros, boa noite. Devido alerta que recebemos da formação de áreas de instabilidade devido o calor, já que a frente já havia sido barrada sexta em SP, pedimos às 18h30 a logística que antecipassem nossa ida até a City do Rock, como temos feito todos esses dias, para isolar a área da City. O auto chegou para nos buscar pontualmente. Só que quando já estávamos próximos da City do Rock o chofer percebeu que havia esquecido de adesivar o auto (pois estava usando o auto com outros adesivos) que, com as barreiras, não iria conseguir entrar e voltou para buscar o adesivo, atrasando nossa ida. Quando lá chegamos, a chuva já havia entrado sem adesivo e o bloqueio foi rompido. Tudo isso atrasou nossa chegada em 30 minutos, mas o suficiente para o ocorrido. Quando só era para ocorrer a partir das 03h00 da manhã do dia 28 para a antecipação do período chuvoso na Primavera, que estamos atuando para o estado do RJ. Mesmo assim, ficamos por lá para ir reduzindo lentamente à intempérie. Lamentável que se repita tal situação. Mas não foi culpa da org (organização) que sempre foi impecável. Falhas humanas ocorrem”.


Carro sem adesivo explica chuva no Rock in Rio, segundo Cobra Coral (Época)

Porta-voz da fundação esotérica contratada para desviar chuva afirma que o “erro foi humano”

NONATO VIEGAS

28/09/2015 – 20h18 – Atualizado 28/09/2015 20h18

Ainda na tarde de domingo, uma mensagem do Alerta Rio, sistema de monitoramento da prefeitura que atua em parceria com a Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral, avisava: “Mudança para estágio de atenção em todo o município às 20h33 do dia 27/9/2015.” Precavido, Osmar Santos, do Cacique Cobra Coral, ligou para a organização do evento, pedindo-lhes que enviasse um carro para buscá-lo imediatamente. Ele faria uma “operação de isolamento” da Cidade do Rock. A entidade esotérica fora contratada pela organização do evento para desviar chuvas da região.

Eram 18 horas. Ato contínuo a organização enviou carro e motorista. No caminho de volta, quase chegando, o funcionário, contratado pelo Rock in Rio, lembrou que esquecera do adesivo de livre acesso do evento para o carro. “Não deu tempo. A chuva não precisa de adesivo para chegar”, explicou Osmar. “Quando voltamos, era tarde demais. Ocorreu um erro humano.”

A operação de isolamento consiste na ida do próprio Osmar Santos até o local – com ou sem a médium Adelaide Scritori – para colher informações de pressão e umidade. Tudo é repassado para a médium, que, segundo Osmar, se comunica com o espírito de Cacique Cobra Coral, alterando as mudanças necessárias no tempo. Pode-se enviar a precipitação para outra região ou apenas “isolar” uma determinada área. Deu certo até sábado. Até helicóptero a organização do evento disponibilizou.

A fundação Cobra Coral existe há 17 anos, para, segundo afirma Osmar Santos, ajudar a equilibrar a natureza da interferência humana na natureza. A entidade Cobra Coral, segundo seus seguidores, teria sido noutras vidas o cientista Galileu Galilei e o ex-presidente americano Abraham Lincoln.

Água nos reservatórios

A pedido do governador do Rio de Janeiro, Luiz Fernando Pezão, o Cacique Cobra Coral volta a se dedicar, agora, à “operação” para que não falte água no estado. Sua médium, Scritori, tem trabalhado no Paraíba do Sul, desde São Paulo, para que chova nos reservatórios. E afirma ter tido sucesso: “Na primeira quinzena de setembro, choveu nos reservatórios o dobro da média do mês”, garante Santos.


Chove forte na última noite de Rock in Rio e tirolesa para de funcionar (Veja Rio)

Organização do festival tem acordo com a Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral, entidade conhecida por evitar fenômenos do tipo

Por: Saulo Guimarães

27/09/2015 às 20:56

capa de chuva rock in rio

Capas de chuva em ação: chuva com trovoada cai no último dia de Rock in Rio, domingo (27) (Foto: Saulo Guimarães)

O que todos temiam aconteceu. Na última noite de Rock in Rio, domingo (27), por volta de 20h20, relâmpagos e gotas de chuva começaram a cair na Cidade do Rock. A chuva persistente forçou o público a abrir a sombrinha, vestir a capa e se abrigar como pode. É bom lembrar que a organização do festival firmou um acordo com a Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral, entidade espírito-meteorológica conhecida por (prometer) deter fenômenos do tipo. Mas, pelo visto, o trato não deu certo. Procurada, a organização optou por não divulgar os valores envolvidos na transação.

O município do Rio entrou em estágio de atenção às 20h33. Há previsão de pancadas de chuva com rajadas de vento e raios, segundo o Centro de Operações da Prefeitura.

Tirolesa fechada por tempo indeterminado

tirolesa fechada

(Foto: Saulo Guimarães)

O vento forte na Cidade do Rock levou à interrupção do funcionamento da tirolesa, um dos principais brinquedos do evento. De acordo com organizadores, ela só será reaberta se o tempo melhorar.


Temporal que caiu no Rock in Rio trouxe lembranças de 1985 (O Globo)

De dia, fãs de A-ha e Katy Perry curtiram o sol; chuva expulsou parte do público depois

POR BERNARDO ARAUJO

Público assiste ao show de Aluna George embaixo de muita chuva – Guito Moreto / Agência O Globo

RIO – “Que tarde linda!”, exclamou o sempre animado Rodrigo Suricato ao abrir ontem o Palco Sunset, junto à banda que carrega no nome. Com ou sem a ajuda da entidade Cacique Cobra Coral, o domingo foi de sol para as famílias que, em muitos casos, misturavam fãs dos veteranos A-ha e Al Jarreau a jovens admiradores de Katy Perry, a atração de encerramento da festa, já na madrugada de hoje. Um dia colorido, sem o conteúdo picante da noite de sábado, quando imperou o clima de amor livre, inspirado pela libertária Rihanna. À noite, porém, tudo mudou, e o contrato da entidade que promete agir sobre o tempo pareceu ter vencido: uma forte chuva desabou sobre a Cidade do Rock, fazendo um considerável número de pessoas ir embora mais cedo. Na Rock Street, grandes poças d’água se formavam. E, sem poder levar guarda-chuvas, parte do público tentava conseguir sacos de lixo com funcionários da limpeza para improvisar capas. Até o chafariz foi desligado. Mas muita gente não se importou e seguiu dançando na chuva até tarde.

O domingão não prometia uma montanha-russa de emoções, mas o começo da jornada na Cidade do Rock foi agitado: animado, o povo chegou cedo e correu para agendar as visitas aos brinquedos, mas a montanha-russa, logo ela, teve um “problema de lubrificação”, como depois explicou a assessoria de imprensa do festival, e precisou ser parada por aproximadamente meia hora. Foi o suficiente para se formar uma fila gigantesca, com princípios de confusão e funcionários despreparados para conter a massa sob o calor. Sorte que o problema foi resolvido com razoável presteza pelos técnicos.

Em meio às famílias, chamavam a atenção fãs e clones da colorida Katy. Não eram raras as meninas com perucas azuis, parte tradicional do visual da cantora. A professora pernambucana Viviane Silva, de 23 anos, chegou à Cidade do Rock com um dos figurinos usados pela cantora na atual turnê, “The prismatic”. Sua mãe levou um dia inteiro para costurar o tecido metalizado de capa de sofá, e o namorado, o mesmo tempo para instalar luzes de LED no conjunto de top e saia.

— A Katy costuma convocar pessoas com roupas chamativas para o palco. Eu quero abraçá-la e tirar foto. Gosto muito da música dela, como os hits “Teenage dream” e “Roar” — disse a recifense.

Enquanto as Katies desfilavam pela Cidade do Rock, que parecia menos cheia do que na tarde-noite de sábado, e definitivamente recebia um público mais tranquilo, o fã-clube do A-ha, sempre numeroso e proativo no Brasil, também deixava sua marca. Apesar dos seis shows do trio norueguês agendados para diferentes cidades brasileiras, os fãs de todo país fizeram questão de ir ao festival e brigar pelo lugar de protagonistas, assumindo uma rivalidade com o papel de headliner de Katy Perry. Eles gravaram inclusive um tributo à banda com vozes captadas pelo aplicativo WhatsApp.

— Quando o A-ha anunciou o retorno para comemorar os 30 anos da banda no Rock in Rio, houve uma comoção. No WhatsApp, começou uma dinâmica de envios de trechos de canções, e com o passar do tempo veio a ideia de fazer um CD para entregar à banda — contou a fã Norma Meireles, de 45 anos, que saiu de João Pessoa, na Paraíba, para ver o grupo norueguês pela terceira vez.

Enquanto os fãs de A-ha e Katy promoviam uma espécie de Marlene x Emilinha pacífico, os portugueses Aurea e Boss AC mostravam o balanço lusitano no Palco Sunset, sempre com um público simpático, mas sem dar grande atenção ao que acontecia no palco. O veterano Al Jarreau, com seu show de piano-bar, conduzido por uma competente banda de free jazz, foi outro que atraiu alguns pais, mas pouquíssimos filhos, com canções como “Your song”, clássico de Elton John, e o convidado Marcos Valle, que cantou o obrigatório “Samba de verão” e “Os grilos”.

Às 19h, o trio de reggae Cidade Negra inaugurou o Palco Mundo, em sua primeira apresentação no espaço em quase 30 anos de banda. Com o galã Toni Garrido à frente, o Cidade enfileirou sucessos e obteve uma boa reação do público, com músicas como “A sombra da maldade”, “Aonde você mora?” e “Pensamento”.

Tudo parecia bem, o público aquecido, quando veio a chuva, atrapalhando o show em tributo aos 450 anos do Rio, com artistas como Alcione e Simoninha. Ao fim da noite, ninguém mais precisaria pagar por lama.


Rock in Rio: festival que vai (muito) além da música (Cult 22)

Chuva de fogos

Por Marcos Pinheiro
Fotos: Rock in Rio (oficial) e divulgação

29 de setembro de 2015

Roberta MedinaRock in Rio 2015 terminou com a garantia de mais duas edições no Brasil, em 2017 e 2019. Esse passaporte já estava “carimbado” antes mesmo de começar o festival por conta da renovação de contrato com a Prefeitura do Rio de Janeiro. No último dia do evento, domingo (27/9), a organização reforçou a informação ao anunciar que a próxima versão já conta com os patrocínios de empresas como Itaú, Ipiranga, Rede Globo e Multishow. Nenhuma atração, porém, foi confirmada. “Ao longo desses 30 anos de história, o Rock in Rio ganhou o mundo e conquistou as pessoas. Crescemos, nos internacionalizamos e somos reconhecidos como o maior evento de música e entretenimento do mundo. Nos consolidamos como um espaço de alegria e como uma mega plataforma de relacionamento com o consumidor gerando oportunidades de negócios e exposição de marcas. Os patrocinadores são essenciais para viabilizar o evento na qualidade de entrega de infraestrutura e de serviços, da grande variedade de atrações e do line up com tantas estrelas de peso nacional e internacional“, comemorou a empresária Roberto Medina (foto), vice-presidente do Rock in Rio, em entrevista coletiva à imprensa.

Palco Rock in RioNas 16 edições já realizadas – Rio de Janeiro (6), Lisboa (6), Madri (3) e Las Vegas (1) -, o festival contabiliza um público de mais de 8,2 milhões de pessoas – só nessa recente versão brasileira foram 595 mil durante os sete dias. Críticas (bastante válidas) a parte, os números realmente confirmam o quanto a marca Rock in Rio é superlativa e se consolidou como o maior evento musical do planeta. Muitas bandas internacionais – algumas tocando pela primeira vez no país – falaram, inclusive, da alegria em estar tocando e na importância do evento. Seria até motivo de orgulho se o povo brasileiro não tivesse tanto “complexo de vira-lata”. Sobre as escolhas das atrações – muitas vezes equivocadas, concordo – deixo para analisar depois.

MARKETING AGRESSIVO
A estratégia de marketing é um grande case para estudo. De cara, o Rock in Rio conta com total apoio da Prefeitura e também do Governo do Estado. Isso possibilita uma mobilização de todo o Rio de Janeiro em torno do evento em termos de logística, trânsito, divulgação oficial, etc. Basta pisar na cidade para “respirar” os ares do festival – isso desde meses antes. Em 2015, ainda teve o patrocínio privado de grandes empresas de vários segmentos – banco (Itaú), telefonia (Oi), operadora de TV (Sky), redes de lanchonete (Bob´s) e posto de gasolina (Ipiranga), montadora de automóveis (Volkswagen), fábricas de refrigerante (Pepsi), cerveja (Heineken), bebida (Bacardi) e preservativos (Olla) -, além da maior emissora de TV do país (Globo) e de um canal de entretenimento correlacionado (Multishow), entre outras parcerias.

Rock in Rio exposiçãoMais que o dinheiro garantido, o Rock in Rio capilariza sua divulgação pelas várias ações de marketing desenvolvidas pelas empresas, com anúncios próprios e uma infinidade de promoções, concursos, etc. Não a toa os ingressos para todos os sete dias se esgotaram em poucas horas, tanto na pré-venda – em novembro de 2014 – quanto na venda oficial, em abril passado. Uma última carga ainda foi disponibilizada em agosto e toda comercializada em menos de três dias. Para reforçar a divulgação pelo Brasil, o festival promoveu a Expo Rock in Rio 30 Anos (foto), mostra itinerante com fotos, vídeos e maquetes que passou por Rio de Janeiro, Cuiabá, Brasília (em julho, no Conjunto Nacional), Porto Alegre e São Paulo.

Angra no estúdio BacardiDentro da Cidade do Rock as diversas marcas fizeram de tudo para se expor. O Bob´s deteve a exclusividade na venda de hambúrgueres e espalhou quatro lanchonetes pela arena. A Volkswagen montou palco próprio para a apresentação de um pequeno musical – com 15 minutos de duração e quatro sessões diárias – contando a história do festival com 10 dançarinos e quatro atores encarnando nomes como Ney Matogrosso, Cazuza, Rita Lee, Cássia Eller, Queen, Iron Maiden e outros. A Pepsi, em seu stand, promoveu karaokê diário com banda de apoio tocando ao vivo enquanto os aspirantes escolhiam a música predileta para cantar. A Bacardi montou um estúdio profissional para que bandas (como o Angrafoto) e cantores pudessem gravar uma demo de verdade – e que contou com a participação de várias “celebridades”, incluindo atores, atrizes e modelos. As chamadas “presenças” também foram o ponto alto no espaço da Sky, que a cada dia trouxe de três a quatro atrações – incluindo a modelo inglesa Cara Delevingne (atriz de “Cidades de papel”). A Heineken promoveu enquete para que o público votasse nas músicas preferidas dos headliners de cada noite – e as três mais votadas eram expostas no telão rotativo de LED da gigantesca torre da tirolesa. O Itaú, com caixas eletrônicos instalados na arena, distribuiu pulseiras que piscam. Já a Oi criou cases luminosos de guitarra que serviam para recarregar celulares. E por aí vai…

Star WarsAlém das ações diárias, ocorreram algumas isoladas. Para promover Star Wars – O Despertar da Força, o sétimo da franquia – que estreia somente em 17 de dezembro -, a Lucas Film promoveu em 19 de setembro (“noite do Metallica”) uma invasão dos Stormtroopers, os guardas de armadura branca do Império. Os atores fantasiados formaram um batalhão no meio da arena, enquanto era exibido no telão do Palco Mundo um trailer do filme.

SHOPPING + PARQUE DE DIVERSÕES
Lama de 1985Somado aos espaços parceiros existia, claro, três lojas vendendo produtos oficiais do Rock in Rio a preços acima do mercado. Eram mais de 600 tipos de mercadorias, de acordo com os números divulgados. As famosas camisetas – com estampas diversas – foram comercializadas por R$ 80, no mínimo. Tinham também bonés, chaveiros, copos, CDs, DVDs, cadernos, agendas, fitas (ao estilo Senhor do Bonfim), bottons, colares, pingentes (e outras bijuterias), cangas e muito mais. O mais exótico de todos era a chamada “Lama de 1985″, azulejo de acrílico vendido a R$ 185 que contém um pedaço do terreno original da lendária (e chuvosa) primeira edição do festival – pelo menos é o que garante a organização. Outro item lançado durante o festival, o livro “Rock in Rio 30 Anos” (Editora 5W) conta a história do evento por meio de fotos, relatos de artistas brasileiros e estrangeiros e esboços de palcos em papel vegetal. A capa, sintomaticamente, mostra justamente a forte chuva e a lama… de 1985!

LockersCaros também eram os preços praticados nos bares, lanchonetes e por vendedores ambulantes: um copo de água 300ml estava a R$ 5refrigerante (garrafa 300ml) a R$ 6chope (500ml) a R$ 10; e sanduíches entre R$ 15 e 20. Outro serviço oferecido foi o de guarda-volumes: por R$ 55 (na hora) ou R$ 45 (antecipado) era possível alugar um armário (locker) para malas, documentos e equipamentos eletrônicos num posto monitorado com câmeras e que funcionou durante todo o evento.

Com tantas marcas expostas – segundo a organização, foram quase 300 empresas parceiras -, onde também se incluem lojas de departamentos e outras opções de fast food (pizzas, cachorro quente, comida japonesa), a arena com 150 mil metros quadrados se transformou num enorme shopping center ao ar livre. Dependendo do perfil das atrações do dia (e respectivo público), a música ficou mesmo em segundo plano. Isso explica muita coisa – e se tornou mais óbvio nos chamados “dias pop”, 26 e 27 de setembro.

TirolesaPara reforçar o lado entretenimento – e ampliar o conceito para “parque de diversões” -, a Cidade do Rock ofereceu, gratuitamente, quatro opções de brinquedos: Roda-Gigante, com capacidade para 140 pessoas por viagem (de 10 minutos cada), que recebeu média de 3,3 mil pessoas por dia; Tirolesa, com até três pessoas e percurso de 40 segundos de uma torre a outra descendo bem em frente ao Palco Mundo (705 por dia); Montanha-Russa, com 1´30″ de “aventura” e capacidade para 28 pessoas (6,2 mil por dia); e o XTreme, pêndulo que gira rapidamente em todas as direções, também com 1´30″ de duração, até 24 pessoas e 3,4 mil por dia. Quem quisesse se “arriscar” em qualquer um podia fazer agendamento prévio por meio de uma plataforma digital. A iniciativa parece ter sido bem-sucedida: no início da noite, por volta das 18h30, 19h, já não havia mais vagas para inscrições. Houve até casamentos dentro da arena em capela montada no espaço Rock Street num total de oito cerimônias, incluindo uma união homoafetiva. Os casais felizardos foram escolhidos por concurso na Internet.

APOIO ESPIRITUAL?
Rio 450Além dos fortes patrocínios público e privado, o Rock in Rio ainda tem uma parceria “espiritual” – pelo menos é o que reza a lenda. Trata-se da Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral, conhecida por conseguir intervir misticamente no tempo de forma a não atrapalhar a realização de eventos. Para se ter ideia, o organismo tem contrato com a Prefeitura do Rio! Nesse festival o “pacto” vinha funcionando bem – no máximo uma garoa fina em dois ou três momentos – até a última noite, quando choveu forte a partir das 20h30 – curiosamente durante o show, no Palco Sunset, que celebrou os 450 anos da cidade do Rio de Janeiro (foto) e onde predominaram artistas da MPB e do samba. Depois foi diminuindo sensivelmente até passar com o A-HaTeria sido uma vingança dos “deuses do rock”?

Na questão ambiental, o festival também deu exemplo. Engajado na causa desde a edição de 2001, o Rock in Rio fechou parceria em 2015 com o Instituto E, voltado para o desenvolvimento sustentável. O objetivo (ambicioso) era reflorestar a Bacia do Rio Guandu, principal fonte de água da região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, com o replantio de milhões de árvores. Além de ações pontuais junto ao público presente, houve uma captação de recursos por meio de leilão de guitarras assinados por artistas como Queen, Metallica, Faith no More, A-Ha, System of a Down, Slipknot, Katy Perry, Lulu Santos e Lenine, entre outros. Até a noite de domingo (27) o número de replantio tinha chegado a quase 110 mil entre o público. Resta saber o que será conseguido com o leilão.

TRANSPORTE
BRTDiante de tantos números superlativos e mega ações de marketing, o Rock in Rio ainda tem um calo que aperta o calcanhar: o acesso do público. Nesta edição houve um esquema inédito de transportes com o uso do BRT, linha de ônibus rápida e com pista exclusiva. A intenção (louvável) foi eliminar o máximo possível de veículos ao redor da Cidade do Rock. Por R$ 6,80, o passageiro podia fazer a viagem ida e volta a partir do Terminal Alvorada, rodoviária localizada próxima à praia da Barra da Tijuca. O trajeto durava de 15 a 20 minutos. O problema era o caminho estação-arena-estação, distante quase 500 metros. Na ida, mesmo debaixo de sol, o povo ainda estava empolgado. Mas a volta parecia uma procissão de “walking deads”. Fora o fato de que era muita gente saindo junto e dificultando a locomoção. Outra opção, mais cara, eram os chamados ônibus “Primeira Classe”, linhas especiais que saíam de vários pontos da cidade direto para o festival, em horários previamente definidos, ao valor de R$ 70, ida e volta. De qualquer forma, a caminhada era inevitável e altamente desconfortável. Claro que na base do “jeitinho brasileiro” – ainda mais em se tratando da “livre iniciativa” carioca -, havia várias vans piratas fazendo o trajeto em preços “a combinar”. Os táxis chegavam a cobrar R$ 45 (por pessoa!) para trajetos curtos.

Como o entorno da Cidade do Rock está em obras por causa das Olimpíadas 2016, talvez para a próxima edição, o Rock in Rio possa ter condições de poupar os pés cansados da turma com uma estação mais próxima e que reduza bem a insalubre “peregrinação”. Fica a torcida. E estão lançadas as apostas para o line up de 2017!

– See more at: http://www.cult22.com/blog/arquivos/category/posts#sthash.w26s0m1G.dpuf


Seis perguntas para: Roberta Medina (IG/Lu Lacerda)

27/09/2015 – 12:00

roberta medina

Roberta Medina, vice-presidente do Rock in Rio, extraoficialmente chamada de “Prefeita da Cidade do Rock”, chega, neste domingo, a um final mais que bem-sucedido à frente do desafio de fazer uma edição especial de 30 anos do maior festival de música do país. Presidente da Dream Factory, ela repete, na família, a dobradinha que seu pai, Roberto Medina, tinha com o avô, Abraham Medina – ele criou, nos anos 50, o programa Noite de Gala, na TV Rio. Trazia artistas internacionais e ainda enfeitava o Rio para o Natal, tirando dinheiro do próprio bolso.
Seu pai sonha e Roberta executa, no melhor estilo pé-de-boi. Morando entre Rio e Lisboa, casada com o empresário Ricardo Acto, a executiva comanda 400 pessoas diretamente e ainda é a porta-voz do evento, que ela também ajudou a concretizar em Lisboa, Madri e Las Vegas. É uma empresária que consegue ser doce e dura ao mesmo tempo. Roberta que ver o RIR espalhado por outros lugares do mundo.

1. Seu avô, Abraham Medina, foi um empresário e produtor cultural excepcional – entre outras coisas, criou, na década de 50, o programa de TV Noite de Gala para estimular a compra de aparelhos de TV na sua rede de lojas, a Rei da Voz. Que lembranças você tem dele e que traços  acha que herdou?

“Ele emanava uma força, uma luz muito forte, de líder e visionário, mesmo quando já não estava no topo da sua carreira. Tenho pena de não ter vivido os tempos áureos para ver ao vivo as festas lindas que todos relatam que ele fazia na Cidade. Sempre que entrava num táxi e pedia que fosse para o prédio da Artplan, na Lagoa, os taxistas começavam a contar histórias do meu avô. Acho que o que vem passando no DNA da família é o empreendedorismo, a coragem de buscar o novo, a crença na mudança e uma eterna visão sonhadora de mundo.”

2. Você se envolve diretamente na negociação dos artistas que se apresentam no Rock in Rio? Já tentou contratar algum artista de quem é muito fã? Como foi? Qual artista você ainda gostaria de ver nos palcos do RIR?

“Quem gere toda a contratação artística com um supertime é o próprio Roberto. Eu gosto da execução, de tirar as ideias do papel. Por muito tempo, o artista que eu realmente fazia questão que um dia tocasse no Rock in Rio era o Robbie Williams, e aconteceu na última edição de Lisboa. Vontades renovadas e agora adoraria ver o Bruno Mars no Palco do Rock in Rio Brasil (ele esteve com a gente na edição do Rock in Rio USA este ano, em Las Vegas). Também sinto uma alegria imensa vendo as consagradas bandas brasileiras colocando a Cidade do Rock do Rio para cantar e pular da primeira música à última. Mas o meu grande desejo é ver o Sunset lançando cada vez mais encontros históricos da música para o mundo.”

3. Como é sua rotina nos dias do festival? Quais são os detalhes que você checa pessoalmente? Você é uma pessoa que tem facilidade de delegar funções?

“Aprendi a delegar desde o meu primeiro Rock in Rio. Não tinha conhecimento para querer nem poder concentrar nada em mim; aprendi cedo o valor da equipe e a confiar neles. Em dia de evento, se tudo estiver controlado, a equipe não precisa da nossa intervenção constante – ficamos disponíveis para apoiar e compartilhar tomadas de decisão. Andamos pelo recinto para ver como as coisas estão correndo e ver se é preciso algum ajuste. Além disso, e especificamente no meu caso, estou constantemente em contato com a assessoria para definição e aprovação de conteúdos a serem divulgados para a imprensa.”

4. Por que a escolha de Portugal para morar? Lá você é reconhecida nas ruas (Roberta fez parte do júri do programa Ídolos)?

“Na verdade, moro um ano de cada lado (Rio e Lisboa). No caso de Portugal, me identifiquei com o ritmo de Lisboa. Existe um melhor equilíbrio entre vida profissional e pessoal na Europa em geral. Lisboa é uma cidade pequena que oferece tudo que uma cidade grande oferece, mas sem os desafios que o excesso de população traz para um centro urbano. Fiz grandes amigos por lá e casei com o Ricardo, português, o que fez a família crescer para aquele lado do oceano.”

5. O que acha que ainda falta para o Rock in Rio melhorar?

“O Rock in Rio já superou em muito todos os limites de qualidade de entrega, se visto como um festival. Mas como nossa aposta é cada vez maior no conceito de parque temático da música, ainda há muito espaço para criar novos conteúdos, musicais e outros, e também para evoluir enquanto espaço físico.”

6. Como é seu relacionamento atual com a Fundação Cacique Cobra Coral? Parece que vc não acredita muito em coisas do astral…

“Muito pelo contrário, o relacionamento é ótimo. Acredito acima de tudo em energia e numa energia maior. Sou simpatizante do Budismo, acredito no Espiritismo, cresci em contato com Siddha Yoga. Se não fosse acreditar no que não se vê, ficaria difícil lidar com o que vemos. Com o Rock in Rio, a Fundação nunca falhou – depositamos nossas energias na mesma direção.”

Enviado por: Lu Lacerda

Governo e eventos como RiR contratando uma fundação para “deter” chuvas no Rio de Janeiro. (reddit.com)

[–]protestorNatal, RN [score hidden] 15 hours ago

Foi contratada pelo RJ.. você diz pelo governo do estado, com dinheiro público?

[–]vintagedanRio de Janeiro, RJ [score hidden] 12 hours ago

Não lembro se é o estado ou a cidade, mas a resposta é sim. Revoltante de fato.

Diga-se de passagem, eles ganham esse dinheiro há muitos anos.

[–]ROLeite [score hidden] 11 hours ago

Pelo o que eu sei, eles não recebem dinheiro público. Eles fazem parcerias nas quais eles podem utilizar espaços públicos que não são utilizados pela prefeitura.

[–]vintagedanRio de Janeiro, RJ [score hidden] 8 hours ago

Honestamente não me lembro agora, pois fazia anos que não ouvia falar da FCCC. De qualquer forma, posso estar enganado mesmo, e, no caso, eles não recebem dinheiro diretamente. Ainda assim, qualquer vantagem ou benefício em troca desse serviço deles é uma abominação.

[–]kinabr91Rio de Janeiro, RJ [score hidden] 4 hours ago

Município.

[–]carcapau [score hidden] 12 hours ago

http://vejasp.abril.com.br/materia/medium-da-fundacao-cacique-cobra-coral-tem-convenio-com-prefeitura/

Não conseguia encontrar os valores passados pelos governos à eles (mesmo tendo varias citações em diários oficiais), até que encontrei essa matéria da Veja:

No início do ano, o secretário das Subprefeituras, Andrea Matarazzo, revalidou a parceria. “O convênio é inodoro, incolor e sem valor financeiro, apenas continuou”, afirma Matarazzo. Adelaide diz que não cobra nada das cidades para desviar os temporais. Mas pede, em troca, algumas obras para evitar enchentes.

Na minha opinião eles devem oferecer os serviços de graça aos governos, em troca as parcerias são oficializadas em diários oficiais, e eles ganham prestigio e uma certa aura de autenticidade.

[–]SamucaDucaVitória Brasil, SP [score hidden] 10 hours ago

dar “prestígio” para uma fundação mediúnica? emprestar o selo do governo a um culto/seita/religião?

not sure if gusta.jpg

[–]drimpeAracaju, SE [score hidden] 9 hours ago*

Como se a prefeitura/estado do Rio não dessem apoio pra JMJ, como se um ex-prefeito carioca não tivesse CONSTRUÍDO UMA IGREJA CATÓLICA com dinheiro público, e como se inúmeras lideranças políticas (incluindo a presidente deste país) não se sentassem, apoiassem e agradassem de inúmeras maneiras (incluindo aqui isenção fiscal) inúmeros líderes religiosos. Não é só o que você considera “normal” que pode sentar na janela.

É uma cagada a prefeitura carioca ter um convênio ou seja lá o que for com essa coisa aí? Certamente é. Mas não é nada de novo se tratando do nosso país.

edit: em adendo, o mesmo prefeito que construiu uma igreja católica com dinheiro público (César Maia) foi o que deu início ao convênio com a FCCC, em 2001. Pelo menos com essa última eles não gastam nada.

[–]SamucaDucaVitória Brasil, SP [score hidden] 9 hours ago

não é nada de novo

não faz diferença se é novidade ou não, se já havia sido feito antes ou não. o que é errado é errado.

[–]protestorNatal, RN [score hidden] 8 hours ago

CONSTRUÍDO UMA IGREJA CATÓLICA

Isso é um escândalo de inconstitucional, que igreja foi essa?

[–]drimpeAracaju, SE [score hidden] 7 hours ago

Igreja de São Jorge em Santa Cruz.

http://noticias.uol.com.br/politica/ultimas-noticias/2012/06/06/cesar-maia-ex-prefeito-do-rio-tem-direitos-politicos-suspensos-por-cinco-anos.htm

Mesmo assim o STJ suspendeu a decisão e o Cesar Maia se candidatou tranquilamente ao senado no ano passado. E recebeu 1,5 milhão de votos.

[–]aookami [score hidden] 6 hours ago

Esse tipo de controle sobre a chuva existe e faz tempo já. Usaram na abertura das olimpiadas de Pequim também.

Software tool allows scientists to correct climate ‘misinformation’ from major media outlets (ClimateWire)

ClimateWire, April 13, 2015.

Manon Verchot, E&E reporter
Published: Monday, April 13, 2015
After years of misinformation about climate change and climate science in the media, more than two dozen climate scientists are developing a Web browser plugin to right the wrongs in climate reporting.

The plugin, called Climate Feedback and developed by Hypothes.is, a nonprofit software developer, allows researchers to annotate articles in major media publications and correct errors made by journalists.

“People’s views about climate science depend far too much on their politics and what their favorite politicians are saying,” said Aaron Huertas, science communications officer at the Union of Concerned Scientists. “Misinformation hurts our ability to make rational decisions. It’s up to journalists to tell the public what we really know, though it can be difficult to make time to do that, especially when covering breaking news.”

An analysis from the Union of Concerned Scientists found that levels of inaccuracy surrounding climate change vary dramatically depending on the news outlet. In 2013, 72 percent of climate-related coverage on Fox News contained misleading statements, compared to 30 percent on CNN and 8 percent on MSNBC.

Through Climate Feedback, researchers can comment on inaccurate statements and rate the credibility of articles. The group focuses on annotating articles from news outlets it considers influential — like The Wall Street Journal or The New York Times — rather than blogs.

“When you read an article it’s not just about it being wrong or right — it’s much more complicated than that,” said Emmanuel Vincent, a climate scientist at the University of California, Merced’s Center for Climate Communication, who developed the idea behind Climate Feedback. “People still get confused about the basics of climate change.”

‘It’s crucial in a democracy’

According to Vincent, one of the things journalists struggle with most is articulating the effect of climate change on extreme weather events. Though hurricanes or other major storms cannot be directly attributed to climate change, scientists expect warmer ocean temperatures and higher levels of water vapor in the atmosphere to make storms more intense. Factors like sea-level rise are expected to make hurricanes more devastating as higher sea levels allow storm surges to pass over existing infrastructure.

“Trying to connect a weather event with climate change is not the best approach,” Vincent said.

Climate Feedback hopes to clarify issues like these. The group’s first task was annotating an article published inThe Wall Street Journal in September 2014.

In the piece, the newspaper reported that sea-level rise experienced today is the same as sea-level rise experienced 70 years ago. But in the annotated version of the story, Vincent pointed to research from Columbia University that directly contradicted that idea.

“The rate of sea level rise has actually quadrupled since preindustrial times,” wrote Vincent in the margins.

Vincent hopes that tools like Climate Feedback can help journalists learn to better communicate climate research and can make members of the public confident that the information they are receiving is credible.

Researchers who want to contribute to Climate Feedback are required to have published at least one climate-related article that passed a peer review. Many say these tools are particularly important in the Internet era, when masses of information make it difficult for the public to wade through the vast quantities of articles and reports.

“There are big decisions that need to be made about climate change,” Vincent said. “It’s crucial in a democracy for people to know about these issues.”

Received wisdom about mental illness challenged by new report (Science Daily)

Date: March 11, 2015

Source: British Psychological Society

Summary: A new report challenges received wisdom about the nature of mental illness and has led to widespread media coverage and debate in the UK. Many people believe that schizophrenia is a frightening brain disease that makes people unpredictable and potentially violent, and can only be controlled by medication. However the UK has been at the forefront of research into the psychology of psychosis conducted over the last twenty years, and which reveals that this view is false.


21st March 2015 will see the US launch of the British Psychological Society’s Division of Clinical Psychology’s ground-breaking report ‘Understanding Psychosis and Schizophrenia’.

The report, which will be launched at 9am at the Cooper Union, Manhattan, NYC by invitation of the International Society for Psychological and Social approaches to Psychosis (ISPS), challenges received wisdom about the nature of mental illness and has led to widespread media coverage and debate in the UK.

Many people believe that schizophrenia is a frightening brain disease that makes people unpredictable and potentially violent, and can only be controlled by medication. However the UK has been at the forefront of research into the psychology of psychosis conducted over the last twenty years, and which reveals that this view is false.

Rather:

  • The problems we think of as ‘psychosis’ — hearing voices, believing things that others find strange, or appearing out of touch with reality — can be understood in the same way as other psychological problems such as anxiety or shyness.
  • They are often a reaction to trauma or adversity of some kind which impacts on the way we experience and interpret the world.
  • They rarely lead to violence.
  • No-one can tell for sure what has caused a particular person’s problems. The only way is to sit down with them and try and work it out.
  • Services should not insist that people see themselves as ill. Some prefer to think of their problems as, for example, an aspect of their personality which sometimes gets them into trouble but which they would not want to be without.
  • We need to invest much more in prevention by attending to inequality and child maltreatment.

Concentrating resources only on treating existing problems is like mopping the floor while the tap is still running.

The report is entitled ‘Understanding psychosis and schizophrenia: why people sometimes hear voices, believe things that others find strange, or appear out of touch with reality, and what can help’. It has been written by a group of eminent clinical psychologists drawn from eight UK universities and the UK National Health Service, together with people who have themselves experienced psychosis. It provides an accessible overview of the current state of knowledge, and its conclusions have profound implications both for the way we understand ‘mental illness’ and for the future of mental health services. ?

The report’s editor, Consultant Clinical Psychologist Anne Cooke from the Salomons Centre for Applied Psychology, Canterbury Christ Church University, said: “The finding that psychosis can be understood and treated in the same way as other psychological problems such as anxiety is one of the most important of recent years, and services need to change accordingly.

In the past we have often seen drugs as the most important form of treatment. Whilst they have a place, we now need to concentrate on helping each person to make sense of their experiences and find the support that works for them. My dream is that our report will contribute to a sea change in attitudes so that rather than facing prejudice, fear and discrimination, people who experience psychosis will find those around them accepting, open-minded and willing to help.”

Dr Geraldine Strathdee, NHS England’s National Clinical Director for Mental Health, said: “I am a passionate advocate of supporting people to develop an understanding of the events and difficulties that led them to mental health services.

That is the first step to getting back in control, and this important report will be a vital resource both for them and for those of us who design and deliver services. The British Psychological Society are a great force for change right at the grass roots of frontline services, in both acute care and long term conditions, and are at the forefront of innovations that integrate physical and psychological care in primary care, community and acute hospital settings.”

Rt Hon Norman Lamb, UK Minister of State for Care and Support, said: “I strongly welcome the publication of this report. The Government is committed to the provision of psychological therapies, and has recently announced that, for the first time, maximum waiting times will be introduced for NHS mental health services, including for Early Intervention in Psychosis.

We have also committed substantial resources to support the provision of psychological care for people with a range of mental health problems, including psychosis. I am delighted, therefore, to add my voice in recommending this report, which explains in everyday language the psychological science of why people sometimes hear voices, believe things other people find strange, or appear out of touch with reality. I am particularly pleased that it is the product of a partnership between expert psychologists in universities and NHS Trusts, and experts by experience — people who have themselves experienced psychosis. It helps us to understand such experiences better, to empathise with those who are distressed by them and to appreciate why the Government has made the psychological care of mental health problems a priority.”

Professor Jamie Hacker-Hughes, President Elect of the British Psychological Society, said: “This report will be remembered as a milestone in psychological health.”

Jacqui Dillon, Chair of the UK Hearing Voices Network, said “This report is an example of the amazing things that are possible when professionals and people with personal experience work together. Both the report’s content and the collaborative process by which it has been written are wonderful examples of the importance and power of moving beyond ‘them and us’ thinking in mental health.”

Beth Murphy, Head of Information at the UK Mental Health Charity Mind, said: “We welcome this report which highlights the range of ways in which we can understand experiences such as hearing voices. Anyone of us can experience problems with our mental health, whether we are diagnosed or not.

People describe and relate to their own experiences in very different ways and it’s important that services can accommodate the complex and varied range of experiences that people have. This can only be done by offering the widest possible range of treatments and therapies and by treating the person as whole, rather than as a set of symptoms.”

Negacionistas do clima e da evolução não são ‘céticos’ (Folha de S.Paulo)

POR MAURÍCIO TUFFANI

21/02/15  13:53

Página de petição provida pelo CSI (Comitê para Investigação Cética). Imagem: ReproduçãoPágina de petição provida pelo CSI (Comitê para Investigação Cética). Imagem: Reprodução

Já conta com quase 23 mil assinaturas de cientistas a petição “Negadores não são céticos”, promovida nos Estados Unidos em apelo à  imprensa para deixar de chamar de “céticos” os negadores do aquecimento global antropogênico, isto é, provocado pela ação humana e além do efeito estufa natural. Organizada pelo CSI (Comitê para Investigação Cética) em dezembro do ano passado, a iniciativa pretende alcançar 25 mil assinaturas de pesquisadores.

O comitê foi criado em 1976, tendo entre seus objetivos o de “promover a pesquisa por meio da investigação objetiva e imparcial em áreas onde ela for necessária”. O grupo reúne cerca de 100 pesquisadores de projeção internacional, inclusive ganhadores do Prêmio Nobel, como os físicos norte-americanos Murray Gell-Mann (1969), Steven Weinberg (1979) e o químico britânico Harry Kroto(1996). Na petição, os membros do conselho executivo do CSI afirmam:

“estamos preocupados por as palavras ‘cético’ e ‘negador’ terem sido confundidas pela mídia popular. O verdadeiro ceticismo promove a investigação científica, a investigação crítica e do uso da razão ao examinar alegações controversas e extraordinárias. Ele é fundamental para o método científico. A negação, por outro lado, é a rejeição a priori de ideias sem consideração objetiva.”

Mau uso

A expressão “céticos do clima” e suas variações passaram a ser usadas mais intensamente a partir de 2001 com o lançamento do livro “O Ambientalista Cético”, do estatístico dinamarquês Bjorn Lomborg. Em 2003, o Comitê Dinamarquês sobre Desonestidade Científica concluiu que essa obra se enquadrava em seus critérios de má-conduta na pesquisa, pois seus dados argumentos se baseados em pesquisas não foram contrapostos por fontes semelhantes, mas praticamente só por reportagens.

Os autores do abaixo-assinado têm razão ao apontar esse mau uso do termo “cético”. De fato, não há problema em usar a palavra para se referir a pesquisadores que, por razões exclusivamente acadêmicas, e sem ser recorrer a más-condutas científicas, contestam o aquecimento global antropogênico.

Lobbies

O problema é que entre os mais atuantes contestadores da mudança climática tem sido difícil encontrar exemplos de interesse exclusivamente científico, que são minoria na comunidade científica e mal aparecem na imprensa. Desse modo, o rótulo tem sido muito mais aplicado a políticos e também a acadêmicos e especialistas comprometidos com lobbies da indústria do petróleo e de grupos atrasados do agronegócio.

Esses grupos são contrários às ações propostas pelo IPCC (Painel Intergovernamental de Mudanças Climáticas das Nações Unidas) para reduzir as emissões de gases estufa, especialmente pelo uso de combustíveis fósseis. Por essa razão eles rejeitam as conclusões cientificas do painel da ONU sobre a origem humana do aumento de 0,85ºC da temperatura média global de 1888 a 2012 e de sua previsão de até 2100 a elevação a partir de agora ultrapassar 2ºC, podendo chegar a 4,5ºC.

Um exemplo desses lobbies é o do American Enterprise Institute, que recebe recursos do grupo Exxon, como mostrou a reportagem “Crescem pedidos de quebra de sigilo de climatologistas dos EUA, publicada pela Folha na quinta-feira (19.fev). Entidades que atuam da mesma forma e também têm suporte de empresas petrolíferas são o Energy & Environmental Legal Institute, dos EUA, e a GWPF (Fundação da Política do Aquecimento Global), sediada em Londres, no Reino Unido.

Rótulos

A petição do CSI finaliza dizendo:

“Somos céticos que dedicaram grande parte de nossas carreiras para praticar e promover o ceticismo científico. Pedimos aos jornalistas que tenham mais cuidado ao reportarem sobre aqueles que rejeitam a ciência do clima, e mantenham os princípios da verdade nessa classificação. Por favor, parem de usar a palavra ‘cético’ para designar negadores.”

Na verdade, faltou ao CSI nessa reclamação ser realmente crítico, pois o mau uso condenado pelo comitê não é exclusivo dos meios de comunicação. Além de muitos pesquisadores, inclusive em artigos científicos, até mesmo autoridades das Nações Unidas também têm empregado o rótulo dessa forma, como o próprio secretário-geral Bam Ki-Moon, que em um pronunciamento em setembro do ano passado afirmou:

“Vamos reunir esforços para empurrar para trás céticos e interesses entrincheirados.”

Na língua portuguesa já tem sido usado o neologismo “negacionistas” para designar esses negadores com segundas intenções, entre elas a rejeição às metas de redução da emissão de gases estufa, previstas no protocolo de Kyoto, criado em 1997 no âmbito da Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre Mudança Climática e vigente desde 2005.

Muitos jornalistas têm adotado o cuidado de usar aspas ao reportarem sobre negacionistas. Foi o que fiz na segunda-feira (16.fev) ao publicar neste blog o post “O ciclo do carbono e os ‘céticos’ do clima”. Outro recurso também tem sido fazer referência a eles como “os autodenominados” ou “os chamados céticos”.

Filosofia

Além do significado científico apontado pelo CSI, o termo “cético” teve inicialmente um sentido filosófico. O ceticismo é a corrente cujo maior expoente na Antiguidade foi Pirro de Élis (c. 360-275 a.C.), cujo pensamento foi resgatado na obra “Hipotiposes Pirrônicas”, de Sexto Empírico (c. 160-210 d.C.). Pirro propunha a ataraxia, que em grego significa a imperturbabilidade diante de questões controversas, como explica o professor de filosofia Plínio Junqueira Smith, da Unifesp (Universidade Federal de São Paulo):

“A terapia pirrônica, tal como no-la descreve Sexto, faz-se por meio da oposição de discursos e razões e supõe que os dogmáticos sofrem de precipitação e arrogância, que se manifestariam na adesão apressada a um discurso argumentativo e a uma tese em detrimento da tese e discurso argumentativo opostos. O problema do dogmático não consiste na adoção desta ou daquela tese filosófica, mas numa atitude que se caracteriza pela precipitação e pela arrogância. É essa atitude, segundo Sexto, que deve ser tratada. Além disso, a idéia pirrônica é que essa atitude dogmática é fonte de perturbação e de uma vida pior.”
(Plínio Junqueira Smith, “Ceticismo dogmático e dogmatismo sem dogmas”, revista “Integração”, nº 45, abr/mai/jun 2006, págs. 181-182.)

Enfim, os negacionistas não têm nada a ver com o ceticismo, seja no sentido científico ou no filosófico. Além disso, pouco importa para eles que as ações propostas para reduzir as emissões crescentes de gases estufa estão também diretamente relacionadas à prevenção de outros impactos ambientais, como a poluição do ar e das águas e a devastação de áreas de vegetação nativa, que trazem prejuízos cada vez maiores para a capacidade de o planeta atender às necessidades humanas atuais e das futuras gerações.

O pior de tudo é que também existem negacionistas da teoria da evolução das espécies por meio da seleção natural. E eles já começaram a se autodenominar “céticos da evolução” ou “céticos de Darwin”. Só falta essa impostura ser consagrada pelo uso!

Climate change in the news (DISCCRS)

DISCCRS News – December 9, 2014 (Nancy Rose)

NEWS

‘Green Revolution’ changes breathing of the biosphere – Science Codex – November 19, 2014 – http://www.sciencecodex.com/green_revolution_changes_breathing_of_the_biosphere-145973

Increasing greenhouse gases linked to rains over Africa thousands of years ago – NSF Press Release 14-165 – December 4, 2014 – http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=133514&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

Only 60 years of farming left if soil degradation continues – Thomson Reuters Foundation – December 5, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141205165214-tj9dz/?source=fiOtherNews3

Lima climate talks: EU and US at odds over legally binding emissions targets – Guardian – December 2, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/dec/02/lima-climate-talks-eu-and-us-at-odds-over-legally-binding-emissions-targets

This year may be hottest on record; adds urgency to climate talks-UN – Reuters – December 3, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/03/climatechange-lima-temperatures-update-idUSL2N0

Adapting to a warmer climate could cost almost three times as much as thought, says UN report – Guardian – December 5, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/dec/05/adapting-to-a-warmer-climate-could-cost-almost-three-times-as-much-as-thought-says-un-report

China says climate aid inadequate, especially Australia – Reuters – December 4, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/04/us-climatechange-lima-china-idUSKCN0JI29A20141204

Better policy, finance needed to balance forests and farming – experts – Thomson Reuters Foundation – December 7, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141207134326-v1b7a/?source=fiOtherNews3

Climate adaptation costs soaring, funding to fall short – UN – Thomson Reuters Foundation – December 5, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141205190231-37s41/?source=fiOtherNews3

UN: climate change costs to poor underestimated – Associated Press – December 5, 2014 – http://bigstory.ap.org/article/49a444ed2b1646509f29a1f632d2e1c0/un-climate-change-costs-poor-underestimated

Rift widens among greens over burying carbon as climate fix – Reuters – December 5, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/05/us-climatechange-lima-greens-idUSKCN0JJ21R20141205

Australia named worst-performing industrial country on climate change – Guardian – December 8, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/dec/08/australia-named-worst-performing-industrial-country-on-climate-change

Green Climate Fund plans to turn on money tap in 2015 – director – Thomson Reuters Foundation – December 4, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141204232229-6wev7/?source=fiOtherNews3

Green groups urge climate fund to exclude fossils – Associated Press – December 3, 2014 ?
http://bigstory.ap.org/article/7eeaa0970a2b4adea736bc31ebed99b0/green-groups-urge-climate-fund-exclude-fossilsTN16T20141203

Liquid Light finds use for polluting CO2 gas – Guardian – December 8, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/08/liquid-light-co2-greenhouse-gas-plastics-pet

Not long to wait till released CO2 turns up temperature – Climate News Network – December 7, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/not-long-to-wait-till-released-co2-turns-up-temperature/

Warming reaches maximum 10 years after carbon dioxide emission – Carnegie Institution for Science Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – December 2, 2014 – http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-12/ci-wrm120114.php

Study finds early warning signals of abrupt climate change – University of Exeter Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – December 8, 2014 – http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-12/uoe-sfe120514.php

Warmer seas could cause faster melting of Antarctic ice leading to rising sea levels, says study – Guardian – December 5, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/dec/05/warmer-seas-could-cause-faster-melting-polar-ice-rising-sea-levels

How Scientists Unraveled the El Nino Mystery – Climate Central – December 7, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/how-scientists-unraveled-the-el-nino-mystery-18412

The End and Beginning of the Arctic – Climate Central – December 6, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/the-end-and-beginning-of-the-arctic-18407

Warm Water Invasion Is Fueling Striking Antarctic Ice Melt – Climate Central – December 4, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/warm-water-invasion-fueling-striking-antarctic-ice-melt-18401

Antarctica: Heat comes from the deep – Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – December 4, 2014 – http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-12/hcfo-ahc120114.php

Warm water undermining Antarctica’s ice shelves – New Scientist – December 4, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26657-warm-water-undermining-antarcticas-ice-shelves.html#.VIY-4iiv1sQ

Hotter, weirder: How climate has changed Earth – Associated Press – December 2, 2014 – http://bigstory.ap.org/article/0ec806f3702b4b61b65f7d3de3867729/hotter-weirder-how-climate-has-changed-earth

Climate change in the media (DISCCRS)

DISCCRSnews Digest, Vol 85, Issue 1

NEWS

U.S., British data show 2014 could be hottest year on record – Reuters – November 27, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/11/27/us-climatechange-heat-idUSKCN0JB1EM20141127

Unmanned underwater vehicle provides first 3-D images of underside of Antarctic sea ice – NSF Press Release 14-158 – November 24, 2014 – http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=133444&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

Climate change adaptation comes of age in UN talks – Thomson Reuters Foundation – December 1, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141130235939-temvr/?source=fiOtherNews2

UN climate talks open with hopes for deal, warning time short – Reuters – December 1, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/01/us-climatechange-lima-idUSKCN0JF37320141201

Climate change impacts heat up UN talks in Lima – Associated Press – December 1, 2014 – http://bigstory.ap.org/article/6f53a4cb473649dcadd34a53d932df23/clock-ticking-un-climate-talks-resume-lima

US and China’s emission cuts may not be enough – New Scientist – November 19, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429965.000-us-and-chinas-emission-cuts-may-not-be-enough.html#.VH0Eayiv1sQ

US and China Pledge New Goals On Climate Change (+Audio) – Think Out Loud – Oregon Public Broadcasting – November 12, 2014 – Guest Ron Mitchell – http://www.opb.org/radio/programs/thinkoutloud/segment/us-and-china-pledge-new-goals-on-climate-change/

Politics, not severe weather, drive global-warming views – Michigan State University Press Release – December 1, 2014 – http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2014/politics-not-severe-weather-drive-global-warming-views/

Geoengineering the planet: first experiments take shape – New Scientist – November 27, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429974.000-geoengineering-the-planet-first-experiments-take-shape.html#.VH0EWSiv1sQ
Related: Resorting to geoengineering to tackle climate change would be an admission of failure, UK scientists say. – Climate News Network – November 29, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/geoengineering-could-worsen-climate-change/

Warming world spells trouble for growing and ageing populations – Climate News Network – November 28, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/12084/

Most of Earth’s carbon may be hidden in the planet’s inner core, new model suggests – University of Michigan Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert)- December 1, 2014 – http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-12/uom-moe120114.php

Weather satellite data hack and outage: Why this matters for forecasting – Washington Post – November 12, 2014 – http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/wp/2014/11/12/weather-satellite-data-hack-and-outage-why-this-matters-for-forecasting/

Robot subs find Antarctic sea ice thicker than expected – New Scientist – November 24, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26606-robot-subs-find-antarctic-sea-ice-thicker-than-expected.html#.VH0EYSiv1sQ

Researchers crack the ice to study the Arctic marine food web – NSF Science Nation – November 17, 2014 – http://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/science_nation/seaicealgae.jsp?WT.mc_id=USNSF_51

The emergence of modern sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean, 2.6 million years ago – Centre for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Environment and Climate Press Release – November 28, 2014 – https://cage.uit.no/news/emergence-modern-sea-ice-arctic-ocean-26-million-years-ago/

Loss of Arctic sea ice to doom polar bears by 2075 – New Scientist – November 26, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26620-loss-of-arctic-sea-ice-to-doom-polar-bears-by-2075.html#.VH0EXSiv1sQ

FORUM

The Chinese scientific revolution aims to tackle climate change – Climate Consensus – the 97% blog (Guardian) – November 28, 2014 – By John Abraham – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2014/nov/28/chinese-scientific-revolution-tackle-climate-change

China, America and Our Warming Planet – New York Times – November 11, 2014 – By John Kerry – http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/12/opinion/john-kerry-our-historic-agreement-with-china-on-climate-change.html?_r=0

Behind the Numbers: China-U.S. Climate Announcement’s Implications for China?s Development Pathway – World Bank Blog – November 25, 2014 – By Xueman Wang – http://blogs.worldbank.org/climatechange/behind-numbers-china-us-climate-announcements-implications-china-s-development-pathway

Brazil’s epic water crisis a global wake-up call – Thomson Reuters Foundation – November 24, 2014 – By Kevin Allison and Antony Currie – http://www.trust.org/item/20141124162353-nw9xm/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=AlertNet%20Expresso%20Nov%2025%202014&utm_content=

Extreme El Nino weather stunted growth of Peruvian children – Thomson Reuters Foundation – November 25, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141125005848-67bs9/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=AlertNet%20Expresso%20Nov%2025%202014&utm_content=

Atmospheric Trust Litigation — Can We Sue Ourselves Over Climate Change? – Forbes – November 23, 2014 – By James Conca – http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2014/11/23/atmospheric-trust-litigation-can-we-sue-ourselves-over-climate-change/

Koch brothers sought say in academic hiring in return for university donation (The Guardian)

Florida university receives $1.5m from rightwing billionaires

Kochs wanted appointment of ultra-rightwing economics faculty

theguardian.com, Friday 12 September 2014 19.56 BST

Americans for Prosperity Foundation Chairman David Koch in 2013.David Koch, above, and his brother Charles donated to 163 colleges and univerisites in 2012. Photograph: Phelan M Ebenhack/AP

The billionaire Koch brothers attempted to wield political influence over appointments and teaching at a major US university in exchange for donations, newly published documents reveal.

Internal emails and memos from the economics department of Florida State University (FSU) open a window into the kind of direct pressure the Kochs seek to exert over academic institutions in return for their largesse. The 16 pages of documents, obtained by the Center for Public Integrity, show that the energy tycoons demanded through their grant-giving arm, the Charles Koch Foundation, a role in faculty appointments and an emphasis on teaching that was in tune with their radical political views.

Charles and David Koch are major funders of the Tea Party and other ultra-rightwing movements that oppose government intervention and advocate for an unregulated free market.

A memo drawn up by the then chair of the FSU economics department, Bruce Benson, set out the Kochs’ terms for funding, noting that “the proposal is … not to just give us money to hire anyone we want and fund any graduate student that we choose. There are constraints.”

A section of the memo headlined “Constrained hiring” says: “As we all know, there are no free lunches. Everything comes with costs. In this case, the money for faculty lines and graduate students is coming from a group of funding organisations with strong libertarian views. These organisations have an explicit agenda.

“They want to expose students to what they believe are vital concepts about the benefits of the market and the dangers of government failure, and they want to support and mentor students who share their views. Therefore, they are trying to convince us to hire faculty who will provide exposure and mentoring. If we are not willing to hire such faculty, they are not willing to fund us.”

The documents date back to 2007, when the Koch deal was first being negotiated with FSU. Among the other demands made by the foundation was that Benson, a free-market libertarian who shares many of the Kochs’ beliefs, must have his term as chair of the economics department extended for three years as a requirement of the donation.

Dave Levinthal, the centre’s senior political reporter, who broke the story, said: “The documents give a blueprint of what the Kochs wanted and if ultimately they didn’t get everything they demanded it still gives a rare view into their intentions. They were saying ‘We want this, this and that, and if you don’t do it, we are not going to give you any money’.”

The Koch’s financial gift was finalised in 2009 at the sum of $1.5m (£920,000) to be spread over six years – a drop in the ocean for the brothers who own the second largest privately owned company in the US and are valued at $36bn each. The university says that as of April this year it had received $1m.

Under the initial deal with the Kochs, they had direct input into the appointment of faculty members in the economics department through a three-person advisory board set up specifically to liaise with the Charles Koch Foundation over hiring. The terms of the donation have been a running sore within FSU, prompting considerable internal opposition.

In the face of widespread criticism, the university authorities in 2013 revised the terms of the Koch funding to weaken the brothers’ grip on appointments. A statement from the university released earlier this year said that “the decision was made to eliminate any role whatsoever of the advisory group in the hiring of tenure-track faculty members in the department of economics”.

Benson did not immediately reply to questions from the Guardian. But he told the Center for Public Integrity that the documents had been intended for internal use and were written at “early stages of discussion” over the Koch grant, well before it was finalised in 2008.

Florida State University is not the only academic institution that the Kochs have financial relationships with. According to the CPI, the brothers dispensed $13m in 2012 to 163 colleges and universities.

Dados que governo segurou mostram desmatamento alto (Folha de S.Paulo)

JC 5062, 10 de novembro de 2014

Perda de cobertura vegetal na Amazônia cresceu 122% em agosto e setembro, ante o mesmo período de 2013, informa a Folha de sábado

Agora é oficial: o desmatamento na Amazônia disparou em agosto e setembro. Foram devastados 1.626 km² de florestas, um crescimento de 122% sobre os mesmos dois meses de 2013.

O governo federal já conhecia esses dados antes do segundo turno da eleição presidencial, realizado no último dia 26 –a divulgação do aumento no desmatamento poderia prejudicar a votação da presidente Dilma Rousseff (PT), candidata à reeleição.

Veja a matéria completa em: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/fsp/cienciasaude/194542-dados-que-governo-segurou-mostram-desmatamento-alto.shtml

(Marcelo Leite/Folha de S.Paulo)

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Amazônia morre e jornais não veem (Folha de S.Paulo)

A continuar nesse ritmo, só os mortos de sede vão testemunhar o fim da floresta amazônica, publica Leão Serva em artigo na Folha

A imprensa parece ter acordado para a maior tragédia ambiental em curso nesta região do planeta, a destruição acelerada da Amazônia. Mas talvez agora já seja tarde demais: há fortes sinais de falência do [http://goo.gl/G154Uk] sistema amazônico, que inclui a floresta e sua influência sobre o clima continental.

Veja a matéria completa em: http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/fsp/cotidiano/194887-amazonia-morre-e-jornais-nao-veem.shtml

(Folha de S.Paulo)

A seca de SP na mídia (31 de outubro de 2014)

Seca – 2014 – ( Sudeste )* – Cronologia das Secas/Open Brasil

 31 de outubro de 2014

Nascente do Rio São Francisco.

A pior seca da História.

Com a falta de chuva, a principal nascente do Rio São Francisco, em Minas Gerais, secou pela primeira vez na história. Não é qualquer rio, é o São Francisco. A imagem de São Francisco de Assis na Serra da Canastra, em Minas, indica que a nascente do Velho Chico está por perto. Mas, com a paisagem mudada pela seca, fica difícil identificar o berço de um dos maiores rios do Brasil.

Sistema Cantareira

A maior seca em 45 anos.

A irregularidade da chuva no Estado de São Paulo dura desde o verão 2013/2014, estação do ano que, do ponto de vista das médias climáticas, tem os meses mais chuvosos. A presença de bloqueios atmosféricos sucessivos impediu a passagem de sistemas que causassem chuva, ou seja, o verão foi muito seco no Sudeste. Segundo dados do IAG (Instituto de Astronomia e Geofísica) da USP (Universidade de São Paulo), esta foi a temporada com menos chuvas desde 1969. A seca atingiu uma área muito significativa do Sudeste.

Hidrovia Tietê/Paraná deu lugar a um cenário desolador: rios viraram filetes de água, como em Bariri /SP

O interior do estado de São Paulo enfrenta a pior seca dos últimos 70 anos.

Não é apenas a capital paulista que vive a maior crise no abastecimento de água da sua história. O rico interior do estado de São Paulo enfrenta a pior seca dos últimos 70 anos. O Rio Tietê baixou em até oito metros na região de Araçatuba, a 467 quilômetros de São Paulo, interrompendo há dois meses o tráfego de barcaças na Hidrovia Tietê/Paraná, uma das maiores do país, já que há lugares onde o rio está no nível zero.

A agricultura também sofre e as destilarias de açúcar e álcool, com quebra na safra em até 25%, já dispensaram trabalhadores.

Foto: A/D – Arquivo OpenBrasil.org
Cronologia das Seca – OpenBrasil.org

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Cronologia da seca na revista Veja

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Climate change in the media (DISCCRS)

DISCCRS News – October 28, 2014

NEWS

Researchers resolve the Karakoram glacier anomaly, a cold case of climate science – Princeton University Press Release – October 22, 2014 – http://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S41/39/84Q12/

    Related: Snowfall less sensitive to warming in Karakoram than in Himalayas due to a unique seasonal cycle – Nature Geoscience – October 12, 2014 – http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2269.html

    Collaboration on this paper with two of the authors is the result of discussions begun at the DISCCRS VII symposium. Lead author Sarah Kapnick, a DISCCRS VII Symposium alum, is a postdoctoral research fellow at Princeton University. Moet Ashfaq is also a DISCCRS VII symposium alum, and is currently a computational climate scientist at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Events that mark Arctic warming – Guardian – October 26, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/news/2014/oct/26/weatherwatch-arctic-warming-northwest-passage-siberia

Arctic melt means more severe winters likely – for now – New Scientist – October 27, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26457-arctic-melt-means-more-severe-winters-likely–for-now.html#.VE7PACiv1sQ

    Related: Cold Winters in Europe, Asia Linked to Sea Ice Decline – Climate Central – October 26, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/cold-winters-in-europe-asia-linked-to-arctic-sea-ice-decline-18239

    Related: Global warming has doubled risk of harsh winters in Eurasia, research finds – Guardian – October 26, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/26/global-warming-has-doubled-risk-harsh-winters-eurasia-research-finds

UN expert: Keep up hope amid climate change battle – Associated Press – October 27, 2014 – http://bigstory.ap.org/article/ea6b7bb91beb401a85fd8defbcb18826/un-envoy-keep-hope-amid-climate-change-battle

UN climate change draft sees risks of irreversible damage – Reuters – October 26, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/26/climatechange-report-idUSL6N0SK0LQ20141026

EU leaders agree to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 – Guardian – October 24, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/24/eu-leaders-agree-to-cut-greenhouse-gas-emissions-by-40-by-2030

    Related: EU strikes compromise to set new climate target – Reuters – October 24, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/24/us-eu-summit-climatechange-idUSKCN0IB1PB20141024

    Related: EU emissions target isn’t as ambitious as it seems – New Scientist – October 24, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26446-eu-emissions-target-isnt-as-ambitious-as-it-seems.html#.VE7PCCiv1sQ

    Related: Europe Reaches Climate Deal, Sends Message – Climate Central – October 24, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/eu-climate-deal-2030-18228

    Related: EU climate change goal pits green business against industry – Reuters – October 24, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/24/eu-summit-climatechange-reaction-pix-tvu-idUSL6N0SJ3CE20141024

Innovations in Energy Storage Provide Boost for Renewables – Yale Environment 360 – October 27, 2014 – http://e360.yale.edu/feature/innovations_in_energy_storage_provide_boost_for_renewables/2820/

Great Barrier Reef protection plan ‘ignores the threat of climate change’ – Guardian – October 27, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/27/great-barrier-reef-protection-plan-ignores-threat-climate-change

Recently discovered microbe is key player in climate change – University of Arizona Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – October 22, 2014 – http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-10/uoa-rdm102014.php

FORUM

Rick Piltz Dies at 71; Quit Bush White House Over Climate Policy – New York Times – October 23, 2014 – By Douglas Martin – http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/24/us/politics/rick-s-piltz-firebrand-on-climate-dies-at-71-.html?_r=0

    Related: Whistleblower Who Exposed White House Tampering with Climate Science Dies – Scientific American Blog – October 22, 2014 – By Paul Thacker – http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2014/10/22/whistleblower-who-exposed-white-house-tampering-with-climate-science-dies/

U.S. needs to invest in Arctic ships, technology to prepare for climate change: envoy – Reuters – October 21, 2014 – By Andrea Shalal and Ayesha Rascoe – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/21/us-usa-arctic-navy-climatechange-idUSKCN0IA2S520141021

Solving Energy Poverty Need Not Trash the Atmosphere – ClimateWire (via Scientific American) – October 24, 2014 – By Lisa Friedman – http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/solving-energy-poverty-need-not-trash-the-atmosphere/

2014 Arctic sea ice extent – 6th lowest in millennia – Climate Consensus – the 97% blog (Guardian) – October 21, 2014 – By Dana Nuccitelli – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2014/oct/20/2014-arctic-sea-ice-extent-6th-lowest-in-millennia

Occupy Democracy is not considered newsworthy. It should be (The Guardian)

Sleeping outside for an iPhone is OK, but do it in furtherance of democratic expression and you’re in trouble

theguardian.com, Monday 27 October 2014 15.11 GMT

Occupy London demonstrationOfficers policing the Occupy Democracy protest in Parliament Square, London. Photograph: Jay Shaw Baker/NurPhoto/Rex

You can tell a lot about the moral quality of a society by what is, and is not, considered news.

From last Tuesday, Parliament Square was wrapped in wire mesh. In one of the more surreal scenes in recent British political history, officers with trained German shepherds stand sentinel each day, at calculated distances across the lawn, surrounded by a giant box of fences, three metres high – all to ensure that no citizen enters to illegally practice democracy. Yet few major news outlets feel this is much of a story.

Occupy Democracy, a new incarnation of Occupy London, has attempted to use the space for an experiment in democratic organising. The idea was to turn Parliament Square back to the purposes to which it was, by most accounts, originally created: a place for public meetings and discussions, with an eye to bringing all the issues ignored by politicians in Westminster back into public debate. Seminars and assemblies were planned, colourful bamboo towers and sound systems put in place, to be followed by a temporary library, kitchen and toilets.

There was no plan to turn this into a permanent tent city, which are now explicitly illegal. True, this law is very selectively enforced; Metropolitan police regularly react with a wink and a smile if citizens camp on the street while queuing overnight for the latest iPhone. But to do it in furtherance of democratic expression is absolutely forbidden. Try it, and you can expect to immediately see your tent torn down and if you try even the most passive resistance you’re likely to be arrested. So organisers settled on a symbolic 24-hour presence, even if it meant sleeping on the grass under cardboard boxes in the autumn rain.

The police response can only be described as hysterical. Tarpaulins used to sit on the grass were said to be illegal, and when activists tried to sit on them they were attacked by scores of officers. Activists say they had limbs twisted and officers stuck thumbs into nerve endings as “pain compliance”. Pizza boxes were declared illegal structures and confiscated and commanders even sent officers to stand over activists at night telling them it was illegal to close their eyes.

Finally, the fences went up, and the guard dogs appeared – ostensibly, for what officers insisted was scheduled cleaning that happened to continue each day of the occupation. Hundreds of participants were thus pushed into the tiny green strip to the north of the Churchill statue, and even then, it seemed like every time they sat down for a seminar on financial reform or planning a response to the housing crisis, they were interrupted by some new pretext for police intervention – someone had an “illegal” megaphone, there was what looked like camping equipment, some regulation might have been violated – and squads of police once again stormed in.

One could speak of many things here: the obvious embarrassment of the police, compared with the perseverance and cheerful good humour of the occupiers, who continually grew in numbers and spirit as the repression increased. But what I really want to talk about is the reaction of the media.

The reason that park occupations are so important is because everyone knows they are there. Activists constantly hear the same refrain from would-be allies: “I agree that there’s been an erosion of democracy in this country, that the money controls everything, what I don’t know is: what can I do?” Our usual reply is: meet with other like-minded people. When people get together, brilliant ideas invariably emerge. But it’s impossible to bring people together unless there is a location, a place where they can always go, 24/7, to meet people and begin to have conversations and make plans. This is precisely what our political authorities have decided that Londoners must never again be allowed to have.

To achieve this, the police and media must take what are ostensibly completely opposite reactions to any occupation. The police act as if the possibility of non-violent camping is an existential threat to the very idea of civil government; hundreds of police are mobilised in a near-panic reaction; hallowed public spaces are shut off.

Official media, on the other hand – and in this case the BBC and mainstream newspapers are acting as if they were an arm of government – take exactly the opposite approach, insisting that the events in question are so trivial and unimportant that there is no need to cover them at all. The very same press that provides wall-to-wall coverage of pro-democracy occupations and police repression halfway around the world, in Hong Kong, acts as if analogous events at home are of no interest. It’s hard to think of a more dramatic story than battles between police and non-violent protesters, or the erection of giant fences and mobilisation of attack dogs directly beneath the mother of all parliaments. Yet while I was in the square, the only TV cameras I saw were being carried by journalists from Iran, Russia and Qatar.

We need to ask ourselves what it means that police suppression of democratic assemblies is no longer considered news. Is the wall of silence, as most activists suspect, simply a continuation of the actual physical wall surrounding Parliament Square, another piece of the same strategy, or is it a token of ultimate cynicism? Britons no longer have the right to freedom of assembly. Sorry, that’s no longer news.

Climate change in the news (DISCCRS)

DISCCRS News – October 21, 2014 (Nancy Rose)

NEWS

2014 Stephen H. Schneider Award for Outstanding Climate Science Communication Bestowed Upon Dr. Jane Lubchenco – Climate One – October 16, 2014 – https://climate-one.org/content/2014-stephen-schneider-award-jane-lubchenco

1934 drought was worst of the last millennium, study finds – American Geophysical Union Press Release – October 14, 2014 – http://news.agu.org/press-release/1934-drought-was-worst-of-the-last-millennium-study-finds/

7 Underwater Surprises Exposed in Dried Out California Lakes – Mashable – October 16, 2014 – http://mashable.com/2014/10/16/7-underwater-secrets-found-in-dried-out-california-lakes/

Warming Earth heading for hottest year on record – Associated Press – October 20, 2014 – http://bigstory.ap.org/article/079ed0ae0f5049019ea25d8e1897c81e/another-month-another-global-heat-record-broken

IPCC corrects claim suggesting climate change would be good for the economy – Guardian – October 17, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/17/ipcc-corrects-claim-suggesting-climate-change-would-be-good-for-the-economy

Ocean Acidification: Federal Response Under Way, but Actions Needed to Understand and Address Potential Impacts – U.S. Government Accountability Office Press Release – October 14, 2014 – http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-736

Will we still be swimming in the sea in 2100? – New Scientist – October 15, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429914.100-will-we-still-be-swimming-in-the-sea-in-2100.html#.VEWUOCiv1sQ

Ice loss sends Alaskan temperatures soaring – Climate News Network – October 17, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/2014/10/ice-loss-sends-alaskan-temperatures-soaring/

U.S. Takes Charge of Efforts to Cope with a Fast-Changing Arctic – ClimateWire (via Scientific American) – October 20, 2014 – http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-takes-charge-of-efforts-to-cope-with-a-fast-changing-arctic/

Cutting Global Warming Pollution Just Business as Usual at Some Major Companies – ClimateWire (via Scientific American) – October 17, 2014 – http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/cutting-global-warming-pollution-just-business-as-usual-at-some-major-companies/

Veteran green says emissions aren?t the only danger – Climate News Network – October 16, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/2014/10/veteran-green-says-emissions-arent-the-only-danger/

Climate Change Takes Center Stage on Instagram – Climate Central – October 17, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/climate-change-instagram-photography-18190

FORUM

Teaching argumentation in introductory climate, energy, and water courses – Science Education Solutions, Inc. – October 12, 2014 – http://disccrs.org/newsletter/ScienceEdSolutionsInc.pdf

Explanation of the Predicted Geoscience Workforce Shortage – American Geoscience Institute – Geoscience Currents #93 – October 16, 2014 – http://www.americangeosciences.org/workforce/currents/explanation-predicted-geoscience-workforce-shortage

REUTERS SUMMIT-G20 host Australia stumbling block to global climate change action – Reuters – October 17, 2014 – By Jane Wardell – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/climatechange-summit-australia-g20-reute-idUSL3N0S42QV20141017

    Related: REUTERS SUMMIT-Can an oil and gas superpower lead on climate change? – Reuters – October 17, 2014 – By Valerie Volcovici and Ayesha Rascoe – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/climatechange-summit-oil-policy-idUSL2N0S933V20141017

    Related: REUTERS SUMMIT-Pollution and scarce resources key green issues for firms – Reuters – October 17, 2014 – By Nina Chestney – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/climatechange-summit-ambienta-reuters-su-idUSL6N0SB11S20141017

    Related: REUTERS SUMMIT-Lax emissions reporting makes green firms hard to find in emerging markets – Reuters – October 17, 2014 – By Himank Sharma and Sumeet Chatterjee – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/climatechange-summit-emerging-idUSL3N0SB2UU20141017

Are we there yet? Scientists prepare for change of epoch – Reuters – October 17, 2014 – By Emma Anderson – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/uk-science-world-epoch-idUSKCN0I61YS20141017

No silver bullet to tackle building emissions: CBRE – Reuters – October 17, 2014 – By Valerie Volcovici – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/us-climatechange-summit-realestate-idUSKCN0I531120141017

Rising sea levels aren’t a scientific threat ? it’s happening outside my window – Guardian – October 16, 2014 – By James Woodford – http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/oct/16/rising-sea-levels-isnt-a-scientific-threat-its-happening-outside-my-window

What Universities Can Do About Climate Change – Huffington Post – September 24, 2014 – By Drew Gilpin Faust and John L. Hennessy – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/drew-gilpin-faust/post_8366_b_5871214.html

Climate change in the news – Oct 14, 2014 (DISCCRS)

DISCCRSnews Digest, Vol 83, Issue 2

NEWS

REUTERS SUMMIT-Companies woefully unprepared for climate events-S&P – Reuters – October 13, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/13/climatechange-summit-sp-idUSL6N0S821A20141013

    Related: REUTERS SUMMIT-E.ON wants deep EU emissions cuts, early carbon trade reform – Reuters – October 13, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/13/climatechange-summit-eon-idUSL6N0S441G20141013

    Related: REUTERS SUMMIT-Drip, drip: Water startups slowly tap a glacial industry – Reuters – October 13, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/13/climatechange-summit-water-tech-reuters-idUSL3N0S52ND20141013

Russia signs deals with China to help weather sanctions – Reuters – October 13, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/13/us-russia-china-banks-idUSKCN0I20WG20141013

Pentagon: Climate Change Poses ?Immediate Risks? – Climate Central – October 13, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/pentagon-climate-change-immediate-risks-18174

The Case for a Climate Goal Other Than Two Degrees Celsius – Yale Environment 360 – October 8, 2014 – http://e360.yale.edu/feature/interview_david_victor_the_case_for_a_climate_goal_other_than_two_degrees_celsius/2812/

A Community-Driven Framework for Climate Reconstructions – Eos – October 7, 2014 – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014EO400001/abstract

Climate Moms (and Dads) Fight Global Warming – ClimateWire (via Scientific American) – October 8, 2014 – http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-moms-and-dads-fight-global-warming/

Satellite data shows U.S. methane ?hot spot? bigger than expected – American Geophysical Union – NASA and University of Michigan Joint Release – October 9, 2014 – http://news.agu.org/press-release/satellite-data-shows-u-s-methane-hot-spot-bigger-than-expected/

Fantastic journey: why animals are driven to migrate – Guardian – October 12, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/13/the-worlds-mass-autumn-animal-migration

Fish Fail to Adapt to Rising CO2 Levels: Study – Climate Central – October 11, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/fish-adaptation-co2-levels-18163

Acid damage to coral reefs could cost $1 trillion – New Scientist – October 8, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26344-acid-damage-to-coral-reefs-could-cost-1-trillion.html#.VDxajyiv1sQ

Sea level rise over past century unmatched in 6,000 years, says study – Guardian – October 13, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/14/sea-level-rise-unmatched-6000-years-global-warming

Antarctic Sea Ice Reaches New Record Maximum – NASA Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – October 7, 2014 – http://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/antarctic-sea-ice-reaches-new-record-maximum/#.VDxZhiiv1sQ

    Related: Expanding Antarctic Sea Ice is Flooding ?Warning Bell? – Climate Central – October 13, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/antarctica-ice-melt-sea-level-18155

97% of companies fail to provide data on key sustainability indicators – Guardian – October 13, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2014/oct/13/97-companies-fail-to-provide-data-key-sustainability-indicators-stocck-exchange-report

New ?Slurry? Could Make Carbon Capture More Efficient – Climate Central – October 10, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/news/study-slurry-could-make-ccs-more-efficient-18164

Solar dimming reflects complexity of climate change – Climate News Network – October 13, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/2014/10/solar-dimming-reflects-complexity-of-climate-change/

World of clean energy ?feasible? by mid-century – Climate News Network – October 10, 2014 – http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/2014/10/world-of-clean-energy-feasible-by-mid-century/

FORUM

Kerry: Address climate change before it’s too late – Associated Press – October 9, 2014 a- By Steve LeBlanc – http://bigstory.ap.org/article/c0fcc74ddd664033b3506b5d886fe494/kerry-address-climate-change-its-too-late

No Paris climate deal better than bad one ? former French climate minister – Guardian – October 10, 2014 – By Arthur Neslen – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/10/no-paris-climate-deal-better-than-bad-one-former-french-climate-minister

We can meet 2C climate target ? and here’s how, say energy experts – Guardian – October 10, 2014 – By Stephen Leahy – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/10/we-can-meet-c2-climate-target-and-heres-how-say-energy-experts

Climate change in the news (DISCCRS)

DISCCRSnews Digest, Vol 83, Issue 1 – October 7, 2014

The world is warming faster than we thought – New Scientist – October 5, 2014 – http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26317-the-world-is-warming-faster-than-we-thought.html#.VDMHfCiv1sQ

Past measurements may have missed massive ocean warming – Science – October 5, 2014 – http://news.sciencemag.org/climate/2014/10/past-measurements-may-have-missed-massive-ocean-warming

Scientists speed up analysis of human link to wild weather – Thomson Reuters Foundation – October 2, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141002110649-q0sm3/?source=fiOtherNews3

World falling behind 2020 plan for nature protection: UN – Reuters – October 6, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/06/us-environment-biodiversity-idUSKCN0HV08Q20141006

Ditch U.N. temperature target for global warming, study says – Reuters – October 1, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/01/us-climatechange-target-idUSKCN0HQ4N620141001

Global officials to issue communique warning of economic risk – Reuters – October 4, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/04/imf-development-idUSL2N0RZ0IV20141004

‘Large firms may be overstating value of earnings by failing to prepare for impact of global warming’ – Business World – October 6, 2014 – http://www.independent.ie/business/world/large-firms-may-be-overstating-value-of-earnings-by-failing-to-prepare-for-impact-of-global-warming-30641946.html

Argonne researchers create more accurate model for greenhouse gases from peatlands – U.S. Department of Energy?s Argonne National Laboratory Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – October 2, 2014 – http://www.anl.gov/articles/argonne-researchers-create-more-accurate-model-greenhouse-gases-peatlands

Canada launches world’s largest commercial carbon-capture project – Reuters – October 1, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/01/canada-carboncapture-idUSL2N0RW1D620141001

Lack of ice forces some 35,000 walruses to chill on Alaska shore – Reuters – October 1, 2014 – http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/02/us-usa-climatechange-walruses-idUSKCN0HR05520141002

    Related: Walrus mass on Alaska beach – in pictures – Guardian – October 1, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2014/oct/01/walrus-mass-on-alaska-beach-in-pictures

    Related: US reroutes flights around Alaska beach in attempt to avoid walrus stampede – Guardian – October 2, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/01/walrus-alaska-beach-trampled-death

Team advances understanding of the Greenland Ice Sheet?s meltwater channels – U.S. Department of Energy?s Los Alamos National Laboratory Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – October 1, 2014 – http://www.lanl.gov/discover/news-release-archive/2014/October/10.01-greenlands-ice-sheets.php

Changing Antarctic waters could trigger steep rise in sea levels – Australian Research Council Press Release (via AAAS EurekAlert) – October 1, 2014 – https://www.climatescience.org.au/content/785-changing-antarctic-waters-could-trigger-steep-rise-sea-levels

Oceans Getting Hotter Than Anybody Realized – Climate Central – October 5, 2014 – http://www.climatecentral.org/oceans

Fish failing to adapt to rising carbon dioxide levels in ocean – Guardian – October 6, 2014 – http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/06/fish-failing-to-adapt-to-rising-carbon-dioxide-levels-in-ocean

London’s famous red phone box goes green and solar-powered – Thomson Reuters Foundation – October 1, 2014 – http://www.trust.org/item/20141001171721-aapou/?source=fiOtherNews3

Jon Stewart Obliterates Republicans By Highlighting Their Ignorance On Climate Change (Politicus USA)

Tuesday, September, 23rd, 2014, 10:09 am

jon stewart climate changeedited

On Monday night’s episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, host Jon Stewart devoted the first segment of his program to the subject of climate change. He discussed the People’s Climate March that took place in New York City on Sunday,where over 100,000 people took to the streets to bring awareness to the dangers facing our planet due to rapid global warming. Stewart pointed out that, while you would think people around the world are now acutely aware of the existence of climate change and its effects on the environment, this march was necessary because House Republicans continue to deny its existence.

The Daily Show host then directed his attention to a recent hearing by the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, where White House Science Director, John Holdren,spoke in front of the committee to discuss President Obama’s initiative to reduce carbon emissions 30% by the year 2030. Stewart lamented that Holdren had the unenviable task of “pushing a million pounds of idiot up a mountain.”

Below is video of the entire segment, courtesy of Comedy Central.

Stewart highlighted the various Republicans on the committee who peppered Holdren with idiotic questions or flat-out conspiracy theories. Confirmed moron Steve Stockman asked Holdren about global ‘wobbling.’ Stockman wanted to know why it wasn’t included in any climate models when he had read somewhere that it helped contribute to the last major ice age. Holdren patiently pointed out to Stockman that ‘wobbling’ refers to changes in the planet’s tilt and orbit and takes place over tens of thousands of years. It is very slow and has a tiny effect within a time scale of 100 years, which is the normal time frame for climate models.

Of course, the stupid wasn’t just contained to Stockman. A clip was played showing California Congressman Dana Rohrabacher, a well-known climate skeptic, tossing out a question about the dangers of carbon dioxide Rohrabacher wanted to know at what level does carbon dioxide become dangerous for human beings. When Holdren stated that he always enjoys his interactions with Rohrabacher, Stewart interjected, claiming Holdren meant it in the same way someone enjoys playing peek-a-boo with a baby or teasing a cat with a laser pointer. Stewart then showed Holdren’s response, where Holdren told Rohrabacher that his question was a red herring. As Holdren stated, the focus on CO2 is not about whether or not humans can breathe with increased levels, but if those increased levels trap heat in the atmosphere and rapidly change global temperatures.

However, the worst may have been Indiana Representative Larry Bucshon. The Congressman revealed himself as a full-fledged denier on the tin-foil hat variety during the hearing. He wondered why Holdren wasn’t listening to public comments on global warming. Holdren answered that perhaps Bucshon should read the scientific literature available on the subject instead of public opinion. As exasperated Stewart stated that Bucshon should read a climate science journal instead a teabaggers YouTube comments. Stewart then said Bucshon gave away the game when Bucshon told Holdren that he doesn’t believe scientists because it is their job to do these studies. In his opinion, scientists have a vested interest to create a hoax and therefore he won’t read what they produce.

After pointing out Bucshon’s idiocy, while also revealing that Bucshon’s biggest campaign donors are energy companies, Stewart then turned it back to Stockman to end the segment. He showed Stockman asking about the rise of sea levels and wondering how long it will take. Then, Stockman amazingly insisted that sea levels won’t rise because of displacement, using an example of melting ice cubes in a glass. This finally set Stewart off. Stewart tore apart Stockman’s lack of understanding of grade-school science by bringing out a glass of ice water and a bowl of ice. Stewart then proved the point that displacement only takes into account ice that is already in a body of water. However, if you take ice from elsewhere, say land, and put it in a body of water, that water level will rise.

All in all, this was one of Stewart’s best segments in a while. He tore apart the willful ignorance and Koch-funded denial of the Republican Party when it comes to the issue of climate change. The fact is, Republicans are placing us in great harm by refusing to act at all when it comes to global warming and the devastating effects it is having on our country and planet.

Forecasts: Hopes and Fears About Climate Change (New York Times)

A few of the leaders, writers and scientists who offered their thoughts on climate change. From left: Tenzin Gyatso, Margaret Atwood, Neil deGrasse Tyson and Marlene Moses.CreditFrom left: Daniel Bockwoldt/European Pressphoto Agency; Stan Honda/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images; Mark Blinch/Reuters

Two dozen scientists, authors, and world and national figures answered two questions: What is your greatest worry about climate change? What gives you hope? Here are some of their answers, condensed for space.

JANE LUBCHENCO, Former administrator, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

I worry about oceans becoming more corrosive, decimating both fisheries and coral reefs. Oceans have already become 30 percent more acidic since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution; if business-as-usual carbon emissions continue, oceans are likely to be 150 percent more acidic by the end of this century. Yikes!

I take heart in knowing that social change can happen very rapidly once a tipping point is reached, that young people are bringing new passion and creativity to the issue, and that climate change is being seen increasingly as the moral issue it is.

TENZIN GYATSO, 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet

The worst possible aspect of climate change is that it will be irreversible and irrevocable. Therefore, there is the urgency to do whatever we can to protect the environment while we can.

When I was young, even I did not really think about the environment, nor did I hear much about it from others. Today, more and more people are trying to take action. We are beginning to look at this planet as our only home, and I am hopeful that this will lead to the generation of a genuine sense of universal responsibility. We can do this.

MICHAEL R. BLOOMBERG, Former mayor of New York City and special United Nations envoy for cities and climate change

Something like 90 percent of the world’s cities are on coasts, and in most places, the most vulnerable people in those cities will feel the worst impacts. We have a responsibility to do something about that. We can’t afford to sit back, cross our fingers and hope for the best.

A tremendous amount of progress is being made by cities all around the world. Cities account for some 70 percent of the emissions that cause climate change, so together they can make a big difference. In New York City back in 2007, we set a goal of reducing our carbon footprint 30 percent by 2030, and we got to a 19 percent reduction in just six years.

Mayors have powers they can use to address climate change immediately. They have control over many of the things that create emissions — like transportation and buildings — and they can invest in infrastructure. They’re not interested in turning the issue into a big political fight. They’re the ones most directly responsible for people’s safety and welfare — and they recognize the dangers of inaction.

JEFFREY SACHS, Director, Earth Institute of Columbia University

The oil industry has lobbied Washington to a state of paralysis, and as is so often true, greed is at the root of the crisis, with the politicians getting in line to feed at the oil trough. The climate deniers are not the real problem. Their transparent propaganda and misdirections are laughable; their scientific ignorance is impossible to miss. The real problem is the cowardice and greed of those who absolutely know better, both in government and industry.

We are living in an age of technological breakthroughs that could transform the world economy to a low-carbon energy system by midcentury. Solar, wind, geothermal, carbon sequestration, safe nuclear energy, and energy efficiency are all part of the mix. The oil industry should cooperate, rather than faking it or dodging it as until now.

BARBARA KINGSOLVER, Novelist; author of the memoir “Animal, Vegetable, Miracle

My fear: Catastrophic extinction. We don’t get to make natural laws. Natural law made us, and it ultimately will unmake us. What makes me very sad is that we’re going to take so many species down with us.

My hope: We in the United States finally seem to be coming to the table after decades of either denial or argument. It seems as if denial as a political strategy has run its course and that we are stepping up to our responsibilities. I hope that’s true.

ALAN I. LESHNER, Chief executive, American Association for the Advancement of Science

Ideology and intuition sometimes appear to be trumping science. So people deny the evidence even as it increases. I fear that the pace at which the public understands that the climate is changing, and puts pressure on the political system, will be too slow.

We are seeing that communicating scientific knowledge has had an effect, and that makes me happy! The deniers have less and less credibility as the public understands the scientific consensus more and more.

NEIL DeGRASSE TYSON, Director, Hayden Planetarium

I find that to worry about things is to invest emotional energy in ways that do not lead to change. Always better to do something about a problem than to worry about it.

What I expect will happen in the coming decades is that beachfront real estate, some of the most expensive in the housing marketplace, will become overrun by storm surges with enough frequency that it will force the wealthiest class (who might have previously been in denial of the phenomenon) to recognize the problem and take action, actions they can take since they are typically captains of industry and are in power and in control.

JERRY BROWN, Governor of California

A huge challenge of climate change lies in the fact that for its solution, countries all over the world must collaborate in ways that are entirely unprecedented.

Each nation-state has to be fully engaged and take decisive steps outside the conventional economic comfort zone. And that requires more statesmanship that is currently in evidence in any of those countries. The mythology of the market and economistic view of life has to be transcended so people understand that a decent and sustainable quality of life requires a very different philosophy than the one that governs contemporary societies.

Here in California, we’re leading the nation in the economic recovery and the creation of jobs, and we are pioneering climate change strategies across a broad front. We have a robust cap-and-trade system. We have a goal of one-third renewable energy in the electricity sector; we’re already at 22 percent. We have the strictest building standards in the world. We have a goal of over a million electric vehicles; we’ve got our first 100,000! We have a certain momentum in California. There are other states where this is also true.

JAMES E. HANSEN, Climate scientist, emeritus director at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

The reason it’s a really dangerous situation is that the climate system does not respond quickly to the forces we apply to it. That means that we have not witnessed the impact of the gases we’ve already added to the atmosphere. We’re waiting for the public to see enough to demand effective government response.

The public doesn’t see that much yet, but there’s more in the pipeline. We are pumping energy into the ocean at a rapid rate; that energy is accumulating, and its biggest impact is going to be on ice shelves. The sea level will go up many meters. That means all coastal cities will be doomed if we stay on fossil fuel business as usual.

The upside is that the only policy that will work is making the price of fossil fuels match their cost. We have an organization determined to focus on exactly that issue: the Citizens Climate Lobby. It’s growing rapidly. Things are changing. But not fast enough.

MARIO J. MOLINA, Co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize for his research on the chemistry of the ozone layer

What worries me most is the irrationality of certain interest groups preventing society from addressing the problem. Republicans in Congress are preventing action on an efficient solution such as a carbon tax.

There is a solution at hand. It doesn’t cost as much as the deniers claim. The Montreal Protocol [on ozone depletion] showed that you could solve such global problems. It would have been much more expensive not to solve it.

ELIZABETH KOLBERT, Author of “The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History

For the last 10,000 years or so, the climate’s been relatively stable. But if you start imagining a world with a constantly changing climate, one where, say, rainfall patterns shift dramatically every few decades, then you begin to realize how dependent we all are on that stability. And the world we’re creating is that constantly changing one.

So I worry about just about everything, starting with the basics. There are 7.2 billion people on the planet right now, and we all need to eat.

Hopefulness or a lack of it is really not the issue here. We’ve already caused a lot of damage; there’s a lot of warming that’s in effect baked into the system. We’re capable of causing a great deal more damage, and we’re also capable of limiting that damage. That’s the choice at this point, and we need to face up to that.

J. MARSHALL SHEPHERD, Former president, American Meteorological Society

It bothers me that people think there’s a big debate in science when there isn’t. Being concerned about climate change is not some whim. When I go to the mall or to Walmart, people ask, “Do you really believe in climate change?” That’s like asking, “Do you believe in gravity?” I mean, the science is clear.

What gives me optimism is that many of the people who question the science are of an older generation. The kids get it. When I go to my children’s Scout meetings or when I talk to students on campus, they get beyond the misinformation and politics.

THE REV. MITCHELL C. HESCOX, President, Evangelical Environmental Network

Climate change is the greatest moral challenge of our time because it impacts every single soul in the world. In the conservative Christian world in the United States, we’ve gotten caught up in political partisanship. I’d like to see climate change as a Christian issue and not a partisan issue.

We are the stewards of God’s creation. We believe that the earth’s creation belongs to God and that we are charged to care for it.

When we started this [network] five years ago, we had 15,000 people we regularly communicated with on this issue. Today it approaches 400,000. It means that we’re starting to overcome the partisan divide and the tide is slowly turning.

DIANA H. WALL, Director, School of Global Environmental Sustainability, Colorado State University

What keeps me up, the thing that really drives me nuts, is that the rate of change is so fast. I work in one of the most extreme ecosystems on Earth: the Antarctic Dry Valleys. It is the coldest, windiest, driest place on Earth. We’re seeing warming events and very sunny events there, and this is causing a change in the organisms I study. These species have adapted to the conditions there. We don’t know what the impact will be on them or us.

My students give me hope.

MARTIN REES, Astrophysicist, University of Cambridge

I have a lot more fears than hopes. One aspect that particularly troubles me is that economists tend to underprioritize efforts at mitigation of atmospheric carbon, because the really serious downside of inaction won’t be experienced until the 22nd century and beyond. If action is delayed, it may then be too late to avoid irreversible runaway changes.

We shouldn’t discriminate against our fellow humans on grounds of date of birth. The lifetime welfare of the newborn should rate as highly as that of the already middle-aged. Indeed, many philosophers would assign equal value to the rights of those not yet born.

For them, foreclosing the potentialities of all future generations would be so catastrophic that we should strive to reduce even the tiniest probability that this could happen.

CHRISTINE TODD WHITMAN, Former governor of New Jersey and former administrator, Environmental Protection Agency

What keeps me up at night are people who talk in absolutes. It’s the people who say “humans cause it” or “people have no role in it,” full stop. Science is not exact and the truth is in between. By taking the extreme position, they give an opening to the other side, and then people stop listening.

What gives me hope is that there are signs that the American people are beginning to relate some of the frequent weather extremes to climate.

Since 1980 our economy has grown, our population has grown and our energy use has grown, and yet our overall pollution has gone down. We are perfectly capable of implementing environmental regulation without stopping economic growth.

KATHARINE HAYHOE, Director, Climate Science Center, Texas Tech University

What troubles me as a scientist is the potential for vicious feedbacks within the climate system. The warming that we cause through all the carbon we produce could cause a series of cascading impacts that could lead to a much greater warming. The more carbon we produce, the higher the likelihood of these unpredictable risks.

What makes me hopeful are people. I’ve been working with cities, states and regional transportation councils, and none of them have to be convinced of the reality of this problem. I was sitting next to an assistant city manager for Dallas, a town not known for being green, and she blew me away with her list of amazing things Dallas has done to save energy. People are preparing for change.

MARGARET ATWOOD, Poet and novelist, author of “The Year of the Flood

The most worrisome thing is the potential death of the ocean. If it dies, we die.

What gives me hope is that more and more people are aware of the dangers we face, and many smart people are at work on solutions. Our smart brains got us into this. Let’s see if they can get us out.

FREEMAN J. DYSON, Theoretical physicist, Institute for Advanced Study

What worries me is that many people, including scientists and politicians, believe a whole lot of dogmatic nonsense about climate change. The nonsense says that climate change is a terrible danger and that it is something we could do something about if we wanted to. The whole point is to scare people, and this has been done very successfully.

Climate has always been changing, and climate has always been lousy. It has always been a background to existence that on the whole we’ve learned to cope with pretty well. What I feel happy about is that there are a lot of ordinary people with common sense who don’t believe the nonsense.

MARLENE MOSES, Nauru’s ambassador to the United Nations, chairwoman of the Alliance of Small Island States

When I go home and look at the deteriorating situation there — increased droughts, the ocean washing away the coast — I can’t help but be fearful for what the future may hold for Nauru’s children and grandchildren. How will they adapt? Will the international community be there for them? These are most distressing questions to which I don’t yet have answers.

GLORIA STEINEM, Co-founder and former editor, Ms. Magazine

Thinking about climate change used to give me images of the sun burning down and icebergs melting — horrific, but also impersonal and far away. Now I have intimate fears of storms and floods that drive us off this island of Manhattan, and fires that send thousands fleeing — in other words, just an acceleration of what we’re already seeing.

Like millions of others in public opinion polls, I’m willing to lower my standard of living to help create a turning point. We’re waiting for a practical, coordinated, understandable set of instructions that counters the Kochs, the deniers, the profiteers. Meanwhile, we try to do whatever we can.

Somehow, I find comfort in the idea that the earth is a living organism with a will of its own. The global women’s movement gives me hope because women are trying to take control of their own bodies and reproduction, which is even more basic than production. Everything we know says that when women can decide whether and when to have children, growth slows down to a little over replacement level. And that would be the single biggest long-term relief for the environment.

MARY ROBINSON, Former president of Ireland, former United Nations High Commissioner for human rights

I’m a grandmother with five grandchildren. What will they say about what we did or didn’t do?

The ‘Wall Street Journal’ Parade of Climate Lies (Huff Post)

Posted: 09/06/2014 8:21 am EDT Updated: 09/07/2014 10:59 pm EDT

RUPERT MURDOCH

That Rupert Murdoch governs over a criminal media empire has been made clear enough in the UK courts in recent years. That the Wall Street Journal op-ed pages, the latest victim of Murdoch’s lawless greed, are little more than naked propaganda is perhaps less appreciated. The Journal runs one absurd op-ed after another purporting to unmask climate change science, but only succeeds in unmasking the crudeness and ignorance of Murdoch’s henchmen. Yesterday’s (September 5) op-edby Matt Ridley is a case in point.

Ridley’s “smoking gun” is a paper last week in Science Magazine by two scientists Xianyao Chen and Ka-Kit Tung, which Ridley somehow believes refutes all previous climate science. Ridley quotes a sentence fragment from the press release suggesting that roughly half of the global warming in the last three decades of the past century (1970-2000) was due to global warming and half to a natural Atlantic Ocean cycle. He then states that “the man-made warming of the past 20 years has been so feeble that a shifting current in one ocean was enough to wipe it out altogether,” and “That to put the icing on the case of good news, Xianyao Chen and Ka-Kit Tung think the Atlantic Ocean may continue to prevent any warming for the next two decades.”

The Wall Street Journal editors don’t give a hoot about the nonsense they publish if it serves their cause of fighting measures to limit human-induced climate change. If they had simply gone online to read the actual paper, they would have found that the paper’s conclusions are the very opposite of Ridley’s.

First, the paper makes perfectly clear that the Earth is warming in line with standard climate science, and that the Earth’s warming is unabated in recent years. In the scientific lingo of the paper (it’s very first line, so Ridley didn’t have far to read!), “Increasing anthropogenic greenhouse-gas-emissions perturb Earth’s radiative equilibrium, leading to a persistent imbalance at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) despite some long-wave radiative adjustment.” In short, we humans are filling the atmosphere with carbon dioxide from fossil-fuel use, and we are warming the planet.

Second, the total warming is distributed between the land and ocean surface on the one hand and the ocean deep water on the other. The total rise of ocean heat content has continued unabated, while the proportion of heat absorbed at the surface and in the deeper ocean varies over time. Again, in the scientific lingo of the paper, “[T]his forced total OHC [ocean heat content] should be increasing monotonically over longer periods even through the current period of slowed warming. In fact, that expectation is verified by observation …”. In other words, the ocean has continued to warm in line with predictions of just such a phenomenon seen in climate models.

Third, it is the “vertical distribution” of the warming, between the surface and deep water, which affects the warming observed on land and at the sea surface. The point of the paper is that the allocation of the warming vertically varies over time, sometimes warming the surface rapidly, other times warming the deeper ocean to a great extent and the surface water less rapidly. According to the paper, the period of the late 20th century was a period in which the surface was warmed relative to the deeper ocean. The period since 2000 is the opposite, with more warming of the deeper ocean. How do the scientists know? They measure the ocean temperature at varying depths with a sophisticated system of “Argo profiling floats,” which periodically dive into the ocean depths to take temperature readings and resurface to transmit them to the data centers.

So, what is Ridley’s “smoking gun” when you strip away his absurd version of the paper? It goes like this. The Earth is continuing to warm just as greenhouse gas theory holds. The warming heats the land and the ocean. The ocean distributes some of the warming to the surface waters and some to the deeper waters, depending on the complex circulation of ocean waters. The shares of warming of the surface and deeper ocean vary over time, in fluctuations that can last a few years or a few decades.

If the surface warming is somewhat less in recent years than in the last part of the 20th century, is that reason for complacency? Hardly. The warming is continuing, and the consequences of our current trajectory will be devastating unless greenhouse gas emissions (mainly carbon dioxide) are stopped during this century. As Chen and Tung conclude in their Science paper, “When the internal variability [of the ocean] that is responsible for the current hiatus [in warming] switches sign, as it inevitably will, another episode of accelerated global warming should ensue.”

Mr. Murdoch, and the Wall Street Journal, can it be any clearer than this?

*   *   *

The Wall Street Journal downplays global warming risks once again (The Guardian)

Monday 22 September 2014 14.00 BST

The periodical follows the Murdoch media pattern of sowing doubt about climate change threats

A photograph of the front page of the edition of the Wall Street Journal reporting on Rupert Murdoch's News Corp purchase of Dow Jones & Co.

A photograph of the front page of the edition of the Wall Street Journal reporting on Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp purchase of Dow Jones & Co. Photograph: Mike Segar/Reuters

As has become the norm for media outlets owned by Rupert Murdoch, just before a half million people participated in the People’s Climate Marcharound the world, The Wall Street Journal published an opinion piece downplaying the risks and threats posed by human-caused global warming. The editorial was written by Steven Koonin, a respected computational physicist who claims to have engaged in “Detailed technical discussions during the past year with leading climate scientists,” but who is himself not a climate scientist.

Koonin did admit that the climate is changing and humans are largely responsible, and noted,

There is well-justified prudence in accelerating the development of low-emissions technologies and in cost-effective energy-efficiency measures.

This is a step in the right direction. Unfortunately, Koonin’s editorial focused almost exclusively on the remaining uncertainties in climate science. Ironically, he stated,

Any serious discussion of the changing climate must begin by acknowledging not only the scientific certainties but also the uncertainties, especially in projecting the future.

But Koonin himself got the certainties wrong. For example, we know that humans are the main cause of the current climate change, responsible for about 100% of the global warming since 1950. However, Koonin’s editorial claimed,

The impact today of human activity appears to be comparable to the intrinsic, natural variability of the climate system itself.

This is simply incorrect. As climate scientist Michael Mann told Climate Science Watch in their thorough response to Koonin’s piece,

The fact is that the actual peer-reviewed scientific research shows that (a) the rate of warming over the past century is unprecedented as far back as the 20,000 years paleoclimate scientists are able to extend the record and (b) that warming can ONLY be explained by human influences.

Indeed, it is the RATE of warming that presents such risk to human civilization and our environment.

Climate scientists Michael Oppenheimer and Kevin Trenberth also took issue with Koonin’s assertion about the impact of human activity, saying,

Warming is well beyond natural climate variability and projected rates of change are potentially faster than ecosystems, farmers and societies can adapt to without major disruptions. Many details remain to be settled, and weather and natural variability will always mask some effects, especially regionally. But economic analysis of these risks supports substantial action beyond “no regrets” strategies. To argue otherwise as Koonin does is to ignore decades of research results.

Koonin primarily focused on the uncertainty in the specific impacts of continued rapid global warming. However, he glossed over the fact that those uncertainties range from generally bad impacts to potentially catastrophic impacts. Even in a best case scenario, climate science research indicates that we anticipate experiencing widespread coral mortality, hundreds of millions of people at risk of increased water stress, more damage from droughts and heat waves and floods, up to 30% of global species at risk for extinction, and declined global food production, for example.

Those are the anticipated impacts if we limit global warming to not much above 2°C warming as compared to pre-industrial levels. Accomplishing that would require intensive efforts to reduce human greenhouse gas emissions, and if we fail, the consequence will be far worse.

The good news is that slowing global warming can be accomplished with minimal economic impact. In fact, economic research consistently shows that reducing greenhouse gas emissions, if done right, is far cheaper than paying for the damages caused by unabated climate change. For example, a revenue-neutral carbon tax could create jobs and grow the economy. Two recent studies by the New Climate Economy Project and the International Monetary Fund likewise found that reducing carbon pollution could grow the economy, as summarized by The Guardian.

As Koonin noted in his piece, risk management is key in determining how to respond to the threats posed by climate change. On the one hand, we have a threat to the entire global climate on which every species on Earth relies, which humans are in the process of destabilizing at a rate more rapid than many species can adapt.

On the other hand, we have concerns about the impacts of climate policy on the economy. However, numerous studies have found that if done right, those policies can grow the economy, and will certainly be cheaper than paying for the damages of unabated climate change.

While uncertainties remain about whether the impacts of climate change will be bad, catastrophic, or somewhere in between, that’s precisely the kind of scenario in which uncertainty is not our friend. When faced with a risk to something so important, humans are usually smart enough to take action to manage that risk. For example, we buy home insurance, we wear seat belts, and fewer people now smoke than in previous generations who were unaware of the associated risks.

The climate contrarian guide to managing risk.  Created by John Cook.
The climate contrarian guide to managing risk. Created by John Cook. Photograph: Skeptical Science

It’s critical to grasp not just that there are uncertainties about the impacts of climate change, but what those uncertainties tell us about the range of potential outcomes. It’s easy to simply say “the impacts are uncertain,” but when those uncertainties range from bad to catastrophic, taking action to mitigate the threat is a no-brainer. Additionally, larger uncertainty means that we can’t rule out the most catastrophic potential impacts, and actually makes the case for taking action stronger, as a study published earlier this year showed.

The bottom line is that while there are and always will be uncertainties in climate science that require further research, it’s already been several decades since we’ve understood climate change well enough to justify taking serious action to solve the problem. The longer we wait, the costlier those actions become, and the worse the impacts of human-caused global warming will be. The hundreds of thousands of people who marched yesterday understand that, but the Murdoch media hasn’t caught up yet.

Organização Mundial de Meteorologia lança série de vídeos sobre mudança climática (Fapesp)

Objetivo é sensibilizar sobre os impactos locais do aquecimento global; primeiro episódio prevê o tempo no Brasil no ano de 2050

05/09/2014

Agência FAPESP – A Organização Mundial de Meteorologia (OMM) lançou os primeiros episódios de uma série de vídeos com previsões do tempo projetadas para o ano de 2050. A primeira edição traz a previsão para o dia 8 de junho daquele ano no Brasil, apresentada por Claudia Celli, da RPC-TV, afiliada da TV Globo no Paraná.

O objetivo da iniciativa é sensibilizar as pessoas sobre os impactos locais das mudanças climáticas globais. Os vídeos trazem sempre apresentadores de televisão conhecidos em um determinado país – e os cenários são compatíveis com os projetados no quinto relatório do Painel Intergovernamental de Mudanças Climáticas (IPCC).

No caso do Brasil, a previsão é de muita chuva no sul do país e no oeste da Amazônia. A expectativa é que os níveis de chuva para o mês sejam superados em apenas alguns dias, aumentando o risco de inundações e deslizamentos. Para o Nordeste e o leste da Amazônia, a previsão é de seca.

O lançamento dos vídeos pela OMM ocorre em apoio ao pedido do secretário-geral da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU), Ban Ki-moon, para que governos, empresários e líderes da sociedade civil concordem em agir para lidar com a mudança climática durante a cúpula climática da ONU, marcada para 23 de setembro, a fim de evitar que se concretizem as previsões dos piores cenários.

“A mudança climática está afetando o tempo em todo lugar. Isso torna o clima mais extremo e modifica os padrões estabelecidos. Isso significa mais desastres; mais incerteza”, diz Ban Ki-moon em uma mensagem no vídeo.

A edição sobre o Brasil traz ainda uma entrevista de Celli com José Marengo, pesquisador do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (Inpe) e membro do Programa FAPESP de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais (PFPMCG).

“Nas regiões tropicais, em basicamente todo o Brasil, os aumentos de temperatura no fim do século poderão ultrapassar os 4º C. Em termos de chuva, o padrão muda um pouco. As previsões mostram reduções de chuva no leste da Amazônia e na região Nordeste e aumento de chuva no oeste da Amazônia e no extremo sul do Brasil”, afirma Marengo no vídeo.

“A resposta tem que ser imediata [às mudanças climáticas globais]. Nas próximas décadas tem que se chegar a um acordo internacional, tipo o Protocolo de Kyoto, para reduzir as emissões de gases de efeito estufa, porque reduzir essas emissões é a única forma de poder reduzir o aquecimento e reduzir os impactos à população”, acrescenta o pesquisador.

O vídeo com a previsão para o Japão também já está no ar. Nesta sexta-feira (05/09), será divulgado o boletim meteorológico para a Dinamarca.

Os outros países que terão vídeos sobre a previsão do tempo em 2050 são: Zâmbia, Burkina Faso, Estados Unidos, Bulgária, Filipinas, Bélgica, África do Sul, Islândia, Alemanha e Tanzânia.

Os vídeos podem ser assistidos em www.youtube.com/user/wmovideomaster www.wmo.int/media/climatechangeimpact.html

Brasil x Argentina: a promoção disfarçada do ódio (Carta Capital)

Não dá para aceitar que nossa mídia promova tendências à xenofobia e ao preconceito na sua busca por vender cervejas e aumentar sua audiência

por Coletivo Intervozes — publicado 01/07/2014 11:15, última modificação 01/07/2014 12:45

Juan Mabromata / AFP

Torcida da Argentina na Copa do Mundo

Torcedores argentinos aguardam a chegada de sua seleção na porta do Beira-Rio, estádio da Copa do Mundo em Porto Alegre

*Por Bruno Marinoni

Todos eles foram levados para dentro de uma pequena casa à beira-mar, trancafiados e eliminados. Mais um filme sobre o genocídio nazista? Não. Trata-se de uma “humorada” publicidade de cerveja sobre a “rivalidade” entre brasileiros e argentinos, que vem sendo veiculada desde a partida Argentina e Nigéria, no dia 25 de junho. Qual o problema de os nossos veículos de comunicação alimentarem a xenofobia? De fazerem graça com a proposta de que os hermanos devem ser lançados ao mar, ou ao espaço por nós?

O portal Diário na Copa, do grupo Diário do Nordeste (CE), no mesmo dia 25, publicou uma matéria com a manchete “Argentinos assaltam torcedores e roubam ingressos antes de partida em Porto Alegre”. O conteúdo da notícia aponta que os suspeitos são argentinos, pois vestiam camisas da seleção argentina. E, assim, nossa imprensa acredita possuir elementos suficientes para associar as imagens do crime à de uma nacionalidade específica. Essa é uma equação bem conhecida pelas vítimas de campanhas racistas e xenófobas. Qual o problema de chamar de “assaltantes argentinos” pessoas que vestem camisa da argentina e roubam ingressos?

Uma matéria do site do Globo Esporte do dia 21 anunciava que “a Copa do Mundo registrou na madrugada deste sábado a primeira grande briga entre brasileiros e argentinos”. Qual o problema de se naturalizar a briga entre representantes das duas nacionalidades, já insinuando que ela é a primeira de uma série?

Temos assim exemplos nos quais o espetáculo da Copa do Mundo, a grande competição entre as nações, mostra-se um prato cheio para que a nossa indústria cultural alimente e se alimente da violência (simbólica?). Promover a criminalização de um determinado grupo, a naturalização da violência e a necessidade de eliminação do outro: eis um mecanismo comum que se volta de diferentes maneiras para diversos atores no nosso cotidiano e para o qual é preciso estarmos atentos.

Enquanto na publicidade temos um exemplo que se vale do humor para tentar neutralizar qualquer possibilidade de crítica, tem-se por outro lado a imprensa utilizando a estratégia do “realismo”, na qual o “relato objetivo do fato” esconde o papel ativo do jornalismo na construção do discurso sobre a realidade. Dessa forma, o discurso que demoniza um determinado grupo tenta nos seduzir tanto de forma indireta (foi só uma piada!) como de forma direta (essa é a verdade).

Alguém pode minorar o fato de que o futebol é um fenômeno midiático e argumentar que essa rivalidade entre brasileiros e argentinos não foi criada pela mídia. Tá legal, eu aceito o argumento. O que não dá para aceitar é que nossa mídia promova tendências à xenofobia e ao preconceito na sua busca por vender cervejas e aumentar sua audiência. Seu papel deveria ser problematizar e combater, ao invés de estimular, o espetáculo do ódio travestido de rivalidade.

Abaixo, o vídeo em que os argentinos são mandados para o espaço:

* Bruno Marinoni é repórter do Observatório do Direito à Comunicação, doutor em Sociologia pela UFPE e integrante do Conselho Diretor do Intervozes.

Os casos de suspeita de racismo noticiados pela Folha de S. Paulo: 2001-2012 (GEMAA)

Os casos de suspeita de racismo noticiados pela Folha de S. Paulo: 2001-2012

30 de junho de 2014

O Grupo de Estudos Multidisciplinares da Ação Afirmativa (GEMAA), do Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Políticos da Uerj (IESP-Uerj), tem o prazer de trazer a público o texto de discussão nº 5 “Os casos de suspeita de racismo noticiados pela Folha de S. Paulo: 2001-2012”.

Nesse texto, apresentamos os 150 casos de suspeita de racismo, discriminação e injúria racial noticiados pelo jornal Folha de S Paulo entre os anos de 2001 e 2012. Os casos foram resumidos em fichas para tornar acessível ao público uma síntese do que foi noticiado em torno da temática ao longo desses 12 anos. São apresentados, a titulo de investigação de caráter preliminar, os insultos raciais proferidos, bem como as palavras mais incidentes nas ofensas de cunho racista, além das frases mobilizadas pelos suspeitos de racismo nas situações de agressão verbal. Esses elementos permitem iluminar algumas das características do racismo manifesto no Brasil, associado a estratégias de desumanização e de recondução das vítimas a um lugar de subalternidade.

Para acessar e fazer download do texto, visite o site do GEMAA:
http://gemaa.iesp.uerj.br/publicacoes/textos-para-discussao/tpd5.html

Are We Bothered? (Monbiot)

May 16, 2014

The more we consume, the less we care about the living planet.

By George Monbiot, published on the Guardian’s website, 9th May 2014

That didn’t take long. The public interest in the state of the natural world stimulated by the winter floods receded almost as quickly as the waters did. A YouGov poll showed that the number of respondents placing the environment among their top three issues of concern rose from 6% in mid-January to 23% in mid-February. By early April – though the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change had just published two massive and horrifying reports – the proportion had fallen back to 11%.

CarbonBrief has plotted the results on this graph:

public response to floods

Sustaining interest in this great but slow-burning crisis is a challenge no one seems to have mastered. Only when the crisis causes or exacerbates an acute disaster – such as the floods – is there a flicker of anxiety, but that quickly dies away.

Why is it so difficult to persuade people to care about our wonderful planet, the world that gave rise to us and upon which we wholly depend? And why do you encounter a barrage of hostility and denial whenever you attempt it (and not only from the professional liars who are paid by coal and oil and timber companies to sow confusion and channel hatred)?

The first thing to note, in trying to answer this question, is that the rich anglophone countries are anomalous. In this bar chart (copied from the website of the New York Times) you can see how atypical the attitudes of people in the US and the UK are. Because almost everything we read in this country is published in rich, English-speaking nations, we might get the false impression that the world doesn’t care very much.

bar chart from New York Times

This belief is likely to be reinforced by the cherished notion that we lead the world in knowledge, sophistication and compassion. The bar chart puts me in mind of the famous quote perhaps mistakenly attributed to Gandhi. When asked by a journalist during a visit to Britain, “What do you think of Western civilization?”, he’s reputed to have replied, “I think it would be a good idea.”

Our erroneous belief that we are more concerned about manmade climate change than the people of other nations informs the sentiment, often voiced by the press and politicians, that there’s no point in acting if the rest of the world won’t play its part. For example, last year the Chancellor, George Osborne, remarked:

“I don’t want us to be the only people out there in front of the rest of the world. I certainly think we shouldn’t be further ahead of our partners in Europe.”

But we’re not “the only people out there in front of the rest of the world.” In fact we’re not in front at all. As this map produced by Oxford University’s Smith School suggests, we are some way behind not only some other rich nations but also a number of countries much poorer than ours.

mapping climate change commitments

As for the US, Australia and Canada, they are ranked among the worst of all: comprehensively failing to limit their massive contribution to a global problem. We justify our foot-dragging with a mistaken premise. Our refusal to stop pumping so much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is pure selfishness.

Both the map and the bar chart overlap to some degree with the fascinating results of the Greendex survey of consumer attitudes.

For years we’ve been told that people cannot afford to care about the natural world until they become rich; that only economic growth can save the biosphere, that civilisation marches towards enlightenment about our impacts on the living planet. The results suggest the opposite.

As you can see from the following graph, the people consulted in poorer countries feel, on average, much guiltier about their impacts on the natural world than people in rich countries, even though those impacts tend to be smaller. Of the nations surveyed, the people of Germany, the US, Australia and Britain feel the least consumer guilt; the people of India, China, Mexico and Brazil the most.

Greendex graph

The more we consume, the less we feel. And maybe that doesn’t just apply to guilt.

Perhaps that’s the point of our otherwise-pointless hyperconsumption: it smothers feeling. It might also be the effect of the constant bombardment of advertising and marketing. They seek to replace our attachments to people and place with attachments to objects: attachments which the next round of advertising then breaks in the hope of attaching us to a different set of objects.

The richer we are and the more we consume, the more self-centred and careless of the lives of others we appear to become. Even if you somehow put aside the direct, physical impacts of rising consumption, it’s hard to understand how anyone could imagine that economic growth is a formula for protecting the planet.

So what we seem to see here is the turning of a vicious circle. The more harm we do, the less concerned about it we become. And the more hyperconsumerism destroys relationships, communities and the physical fabric of the Earth, the more we try to fill the void in our lives by buying more stuff.

All this is accompanied in the rich anglophone nations with the extreme neoliberalism promoted by both press and politicians, and a great concentration of power in the hands of the financial and fossil fuel sectors, which lobby hard, in the public sphere and in private, to prevent change.

So the perennially low level of concern, which flickers upwards momentarily when disaster strikes, then slumps back into the customary stupor, is an almost inevitable result of a society that has become restructured around shopping, fashion, celebrity and an obsession with money. How we break the circle and wake people out of this dreamworld is the question that all those who love the living planet should address. There will be no easy answers.

John Oliver Does Science Communication Right (I Fucking Love Science)

May 15, 2014 | by Stephen Luntz

photo credit: Last Week Tonight With John Oliver (HBO). Satirist John Oliver shows how scientific pseudo-debates should be covered

One of the most frustrating experiences scientists, science communicators and anyone who cares about science have is the sight of media outlets giving equal time to positions held by a tiny minority of researchers.

This sort of behavior turns up for all sorts of concocted “controversies”, satirized as “Opinions differ on the Shape of the Earth”. However, the most egregious examples occur in reporting climate change. Thousands of carefully researched peer reviewed papers are weighed in the balance and judged equal to a handful of shoddily writtennumerically flaky publications whose flaws take less than a day  to come to light.

That is, of course, if you ignore the places where the anti-science side pretty much gets free range.

So it is a delight to see John Oliver show how it should be done.
We have only one problem with Oliver’s work. He repeats the claim that 97% of climate scientists agree that humans are warming the planet. In fact the study he referred to has 97.1% of peer reviewed papers on climate change endorsing this position. However, these papers were usually produced by large research teams, while the opposing minority were often cooked up by a couple of kooks in their garage. When you look at the numbers of scientists involved the numbers are actually 98.4% to 1.2%, with the rest undecided. Which might not sound like a big difference, but would make Oliver’s tame “skeptic” look even more lonely.
HT Vox, with a nice summary of the evidence


Read more at http://www.iflscience.com/environment/john-oliver-does-science-communication-right#9A4CD6abdJTOOMHK.99

Deputado critica em audiência descaso do governo com seca no Nordeste (Câmara dos Deputados)

JC e-mail 4935, de 16 de abril de 2014

A região sofre com uma seca que se prolonga pelo terceiro ano consecutivo, o que gera problemas sociais e dificulta o desenvolvimento da agricultura e a criação de animais

A Comissão de Integração Nacional debateu nesta terça-feira a atuação de órgãos federais na ajuda à população do Nordeste, que enfrenta estiagem pelo terceiro ano consecutivo.

Durante audiência pública da Comissão de Integração Nacional, Desenvolvimento Regional e da Amazônia, nesta terça-feira (15), o deputado Wilson Filho (PTB-PB) criticou o descaso do governo federal com o que ele chamou de “caos total” no Nordeste.

A região sofre com uma seca que se prolonga pelo terceiro ano consecutivo, o que gera problemas sociais e dificulta o desenvolvimento da agricultura e a criação de animais. Além disso, provoca a falta de recursos econômicos, gerando fome e miséria no sertão.

“É muito visível, por exemplo, quando São Paulo entrou em uma realidade bem próxima. De forma rapidíssima o governo federal e os órgãos competentes deram essa resposta”, afirmou.

Contenção de gastos
A operação carro-pipa distribui água potável para a população das regiões afetadas pela estiagem. Ela é uma parceria do Ministério da Integração Nacional, por meio da Secretaria Nacional de Defesa Civil, com o Exército Brasileiro. A ação foi interrompida por parte do ministério no começo deste ano para a contenção de gastos.

(Gabriela Korossy/Câmara dos Deputados)